Equity Theory (Maintenance)

Who came up with equity theory?
Walster et al
1 of 20
Equity theory is an extension of the underlying belief of social exchange theory, with its central assumption that people strive to achieve fairness in their relationships & feel distressed if they perceive unfairness. Who said this?
Messick and Cook
2 of 20
Any kind of -------- has the potential to create distress.
Inequity
3 of 20
People who give loads to a relationship and get little in return would perceive inequity and therefore be ------------ in the relationship.
Dissatisfied
4 of 20
The greater the perceived inequity, the greater the dissatisfaction & the greater the dissatisfaction, the greater the --------.
Distress
5 of 20
Equity doesn't necessarily mean --------.
Equality
6 of 20
It's possible for each partner to contribute & receive --------- amounts and for the relationship to still be equitable.
Different
7 of 20
What's considered 'fair' in a relationship, in terms of input & output, is largely a ----------- opinion for each partner.
Subjective
8 of 20
If one partner sees themselves as putting in ---- than the other, the relationship will still be judged fair if they get less out of the relationship.
Less
9 of 20
----- of inputs and outputs.
Ratio
10 of 20
An equitable relationship should be one where a partner's benefits minus their costs ------ their partner's benefits less their costs.
Equals
11 of 20
If we perceive inequality in our relationship then we're --------- to restore it.
Motivated
12 of 20
We may ------ the amount we put into a relationship or the amount we expect from a relationship to restore the appearance of equity.
Change
13 of 20
Who disagreed with the claim that all relationships are based on economics & distinguished the difference between exchange relationships and communal relationships?
Clark and Mills
14 of 20
An -------- relationship is one between colleagues and involves keeping track of rewards and costs.
Exchange
15 of 20
A -------- relationship is one between friends/lovers and is governed by a desire to respond to the needs of the partner.
Communal
16 of 20
Who investigated if marital inequity is linked with marital disruption, using 1500 couples as part of the US National Survey of Families and Households, and found the only inequity associated with disruption is women's sense of being under-benefited?
DeMaris
17 of 20
Who rejects the claim that equity is a key determinant of relationship satisfaction & argues this represents 'an incomplete rendering of the way in which married people behave with respect to each other' & that equity is thus an insufficient theory?
Ragsdale and Brandau-Brown
18 of 20
Among married working couples, husbands who earned more than their wives rated their own careers as more important (women in such relationships generally also rated their husband's career higher). Who found this?
Steil and Weltman
19 of 20
Who asked over 200 married couples to complete measures of equity and relationship satisfaction & found satisfaction was highest for spouses who perceived their relationships to be equitable?
Stafford and Canary
20 of 20

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Equity theory is an extension of the underlying belief of social exchange theory, with its central assumption that people strive to achieve fairness in their relationships & feel distressed if they perceive unfairness. Who said this?

Back

Messick and Cook

Card 3

Front

Any kind of -------- has the potential to create distress.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

People who give loads to a relationship and get little in return would perceive inequity and therefore be ------------ in the relationship.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

The greater the perceived inequity, the greater the dissatisfaction & the greater the dissatisfaction, the greater the --------.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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