Enivronmental geology

Includes= water, energy, metallic minerals & engineering geology.

Water storage.
Factors affecting porosity and permeability, the water table and hydrolic gradient and pressure.
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Aquifers and astesian basins
Types of aquifers and how artesian basins and wells form.
2 of 23
Ground water supply and quality
How to get the water, problems caused by this and the threats. The quality of the ground water.
3 of 23
Springs
Types of spring- lithological, faults, intrusions and unconformities.
4 of 23
Water resources
Advantages and disadvantages of surface water and the for groundwater
5 of 23
Oiil and natural gas
The requirments- source rock, maturation, migration,reservoir rock, cap rock and a trap
6 of 23
Traps
Such as- Anticline, fault, salt dome, unconformity, lithology and how oil can be lost
7 of 23
Hydrocarbons and their exploration
Seismic reflection, gravity surveys, drilling- mud logging & down-hole logging
8 of 23
Reserves & recovery of oil and gas
Reserves and primary and secondary recovery
9 of 23
Storing oil and gas
Underground facilites for natural gas
10 of 23
Future for gas and oil
Unconventional petroleum and the north seas oil snd gas
11 of 23
Peat and coal
The environment needed, coalification and it's ranking and the use for coal
12 of 23
Coal mining
Opencast and underground mining and geological factors such as- faulting, washout and seam splitting make it difficult
13 of 23
Future for coal
Types of coal field= south wales and yorkshire
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Geothermal energy
methods of extraction- volcanic, geothermal aquifers, hot dry rock and advantages and disadvantages.
15 of 23
Metallic minerals
Crustal abundance and concentration factors and the cut-off grades of ores
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Hydrothermal ore deposits
Types of ore deposties, hydrothermal veins and what they are
17 of 23
Gravity settling and residual ores
Gravity settleing of magnetite, ores from bauxite
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Placer ore deposits
What they are, requirements, how they form and where
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Secondary enrichment and uranium ores
Secondary enrichment of chalcopyrite in copper about and below the water table. Uranium ore deposits in sandstone
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Exploration of metals
Geophysical=gravity surveys, magnetic surveys & electrical resistivity. Geochemical= stream and soil surveys
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Metals mining and the future
Environmental consequences of open and closed mining and metallic mining
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Building and construction
Building stone, aggregate, roadstone, brick clay and cement and concrete
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Types of aquifers and how artesian basins and wells form.

Back

Aquifers and astesian basins

Card 3

Front

How to get the water, problems caused by this and the threats. The quality of the ground water.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Types of spring- lithological, faults, intrusions and unconformities.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Advantages and disadvantages of surface water and the for groundwater

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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