English Language terminology

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A process of word formation in which items are added to the base form of a word to express grammatical meanings e.g. adding -s for plural rule
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A noun that refers to a concept, state, quality or emotion
abstract noun
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A new word made from the initial letters of all the words in a name or phrase e.g. NASA
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dialogue that follows a set pattern e.g. when speakers greet each other
adjacency pairs
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the process of adding an affix before or after an existing word to change either its meaning or grammatical function
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When a word develops a more positive meaning over time
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When a word, usually a pronoun, refers back to something or someone that has already been mentioned e.g. Barry can't come because he's ill
anaphoric reference
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An old-fashioned word or phrase that isn't used in present day English
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A kind of determiner that shows if the reference to a noun is general (a/an) or specific (the)
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When sounds next to each other in a spoken word or sentence are pronounced in a different way to normal to make them easier to say
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When the main vowel sounds of two or more words that are close together in a text are similar or the same e.g. lOw smOkey hOles
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Verbs used before the main verb in a sentence to give extra information about it e.g. i HAVE seen him
auxiliary verb
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The production of short vowel/consonant combinations by a baby acquiring language
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A kind of feedback in spoken language that supports the person speaking and shows that what is being said is understood
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When parts of two words are combined to make a new one
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When words from one language fall into common usage in another as a result of contact
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When a word that has quite a specific meaning becomes more general
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The wat that caregivers talk to children-usually in simplified and/or exaggerated language
child directed speach (CDS)
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The simplest meaningful unit of a sentence
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When a shortened version of a word becomes a word in its own right e.g. phone
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When a child only pronounces one consonant from a consonant cluster e.g. saying play rather than play
cluster reduction
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The general term for creating new words
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An informal word or phrase that wouldn't normally be used in formal written English
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A noun that refers to a class of things or a concept . Every noun is a common noun except those that refer to unique things e.g. the names of particular people or places
common noun
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An adjective that makes a degree of comparison , normally by adding -er
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A word or phrase that gives more information about the subject or object in a sentence e.g. the boy is actually a cow
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A new word created by combining two or more existing words e.g. skyscraper
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A noun that refers to things that you can physically touch e.g. chair
concrete noun
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A linking word that connects phrases and clauses to each other to form sentences, e.g. because
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Card 2


abstract noun


A noun that refers to a concept, state, quality or emotion

Card 3




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Card 4


adjacency pairs


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Card 5




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