English Language

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450
Old English
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1800
Late Modern English
2 of 35
1100
Middle English
3 of 35
1500
Early Modern English
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1476
Printing press
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1702
First daily newspaper published
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1755
Johnson's dictionary
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1604
Table alphabeticall
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1828
Noah Webster first American dictionary
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1782
Britain decolonises America
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1928
Oxford English dictionary published
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When did schooling become compulsory?
Victorian period- 1800s
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Why is American English so influential?
Hollywood, media, political power
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Who invented the American Dictionary?
Noah Webster
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1607
first permanent English settlement in the now USA
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When did the great vowel shift take place?
Middle English
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What dialect became accepted as the standard?
London, Oxford, Cambridge
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Chomsky
Children are born with an innate ability to acquire language (LAD)
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What is viruous error?
Child uses regular suffixes on irregular verbs e.g. goed instead of went
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What is poverty of stimulus?
The lack of CDS
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Piaget
The understanding of concepts e.g. colour, bigger/ smaller, active/passive
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Skinner
Children learn language through condiitoning and repeating with positive or negative reinforcement from carers
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Bruner
Children learn language through input from carers which supports their innate ability (LASS)
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Lennenberg
Children have a critical period in which language can develop after this learning language is much harder
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'Daddy go work'
missing auxiliry- telegraphic stage
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'timney' instead of 'chimney'
substitution as the /t/ is easier to pronounce than the /ch/
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apples and oranges as ball
over extension of the term ball to include all objects of that shape
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nana instead of banana
deletion as the child only pronounces the stressed syllables
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child only refers to her boots as shoes but doesnt use the term to apply to anyone elses shoes
under extension - believes term only applies to her
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Hallidays functions
Regulatory, personal, imaginative, heuristic, interactional, instrumental, representational
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Wug test
Jean berko Gleeson
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forms of CDS
Q/A, higher pitch, simple vocaulary, slow speech,hand gestures
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What can Genie prove
Disprove Chomsky LAD but proves critical period
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example of pivot words
no, more
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open word class
biscuit, food, ball
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

1800

Back

Late Modern English

Card 3

Front

1100

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

1500

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

1476

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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