Emperor Worship

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Why is the term 'imperial cult' not used?
connotations of self-acknowledgement and imposition rather than the disparate worship evident
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How does the state implement emperor worship?
senate decree priests and temple e.g. Augustus, then Claudius, Trajan, Vespasian, Nerva etc. Physically transforms religious topography
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Why are provinces encouraged to adopt cult of emperor after conquest?
helps consolidate power e.g. Camuludunum- implemented 6yrs after conquest, Cappadocia- 4yrs after conquest.
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What are the notable features of the temple to Rome and Augustus at Ancyra?
Res Gestae- latin and Greek in red letters, painted gold, only classical piece of architecture, Priest List from 5BC with celtic/greek/roman names- details benefactions to town e.g. Banquets/ feasts/handouts
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What are the notable features of the Temple of Vespasian in Pompeii?
inscription: "for the wellbeing of Trajan and his children", Altar iconography of bull sacrifice- usually associated with emperor worship and worship of Jupiter
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What types of private worship exist?
Crossroads shrines- introduced by Augustus, imperial statues amongst Lares
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What happens in Gytheion AD 15?
Over enthusiasm of local elite to secure imperial patronage- decree Tiberius titles he doesn't want e.g. Pater Patriae, Tiberius stresses that he is a human not a god.
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What is the importance of emperor worship?
involves all classes, unification of empire, power of emperor acknowledged in day-to-day life
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Why did Emperor worship develop?
Uninventiveness of Greek cities- treat emperors like Hellenistic kings/ successful Republical generals, demonstrate power of Rome, initiative of local towns to give Emperor sense of obligation, economic advantages, reflect distinction is status
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What was the Sebasteion in Aphrodisias?
Temple sanctuary and complex dedicated to Aphrodite and the Augustan Gods
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What did the Sebasteion incorporate?
monumental gateway, 2 3-storey porticoes, processional route, temple
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When was the Sebasteion established and completed?
Began under Tiberius, finished under Nero
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What was the Sebasteion's aim?
To present empire without end in time or space
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What link did Aphrodite provide?
Venus Genetrix
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What reliefs of Claudius were there at the Sebasteion?
Claudius as ruler by land and sea- nude with mantle billowing behind him as strides across heavens with sea creature of left presenting him with cornucopia and sea creature on right presenting him with oar, Claudius dealing death blow to Britannia
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What reliefs of Nero were there at the Sebasteion?
Nero dressed in military regalia with Agrippina crowning him, Nero defeating Armenia
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What were the 'ethnos' reliefs at the Sebasteion?
Personification of women as cities of empire, depicted as statues on statue bases distinguished by their dress and inscription
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Card 2

Front

How does the state implement emperor worship?

Back

senate decree priests and temple e.g. Augustus, then Claudius, Trajan, Vespasian, Nerva etc. Physically transforms religious topography

Card 3

Front

Why are provinces encouraged to adopt cult of emperor after conquest?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the notable features of the temple to Rome and Augustus at Ancyra?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the notable features of the Temple of Vespasian in Pompeii?

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Preview of the front of card 5
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