Education Revision Cards

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Avni
  • Created on: 15-05-13 11:34
Cultural Deprivation
The basic values, attitudes and skills that are needed for educational success through primary socialisation in the family. Basic cultural equipment include things such as; language, self-discipline and reasoning skills.
1 of 19
Internal Factors
These are the factors within schools and the education system, such as interactions between pupils and teachers, and inequalities between schools.
2 of 19
External Factors
These are factors outside the education system, such as the influence of home and family background and wider society.
3 of 19
Intellectual Development
The development of thinking and reasoning skills, such as the ability to solve problems and use ideas and concepts
4 of 19
J.W.B Douglas (1964)
Found that working class pupils scored lower on tests of ability than middle class pupils. This is becasue working class parents are less likely to support their children's intellectual development through reading with them or other activities.
5 of 19
Basil Bernstein and Douglas Young (1967)
The way mothers think about and choose toys has an influence on their childs intellectual development. Middle-class mothers are more likely to choose toys that encourage thinking and reasoning skills and prepare children for school
6 of 19
Carl Bereiter and Siegfried Engelmann (1966)
Language used in lover-class homes is deficient. They communicate with single words, gestures or disjointed phrases.
7 of 19
The restricted code
Speech code typically used by the working-class. Has limited vocabulary and is based on the use of short, often unfinished, simple sentences.
8 of 19
The elaborated code
Typically used by the middle-class. Has wider vocabulary and is based on more complex sentences.
9 of 19
Douglas
Found that working-class parents placed less value on education, were less ambitious for their children, gave them less encouragement and took less interest in their education.
10 of 19
Leon Feinstein (1998)
Found that working class parents lack of interest was the main reason for their childrens under-achievement. Middle-class children were more successful as their parents provided them with motivation, discipline and support.
11 of 19
Herbert Hyman (1967)
Argues that values and beliefs of lower class subculture are a 'self imposed barrier' to educational and career success.
12 of 19
Barry Sugarman (1970)
Argues that working-class subculture has four key features that act as a barrier to educational achievement.
13 of 19
Fatalism
A belief in fate- 'whatever will be will be', and there is nothing you can do to change your status.
14 of 19
Collectivism
valuing being part of a group more than succeeding as an individual
15 of 19
Immediate Gratification
seeking pleasure now rather than making sacrifices in order to get rewards in the future.
16 of 19
Present-time orientation
seeing the present as more important than the future and so not having long-term goals or plans.
17 of 19
Compensatory education
A policy designed to tackle the problem of cultural deprivation by providing extra resources to schools and communities in deprived areas. Best known example is Operation Head start in the US, a multi-billionaire dollar schemeof pre-school education
18 of 19
Nell Keddie (1973)
describes cultural deprivation as a 'myth' and sees it as a victim-blaming explanation. Dismisses the idea that failure at school can be blamed on a culturally deprived home background.
19 of 19

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

These are the factors within schools and the education system, such as interactions between pupils and teachers, and inequalities between schools.

Back

Internal Factors

Card 3

Front

These are factors outside the education system, such as the influence of home and family background and wider society.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The development of thinking and reasoning skills, such as the ability to solve problems and use ideas and concepts

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Found that working class pupils scored lower on tests of ability than middle class pupils. This is becasue working class parents are less likely to support their children's intellectual development through reading with them or other activities.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Education resources »