Education - Funcs View

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What is Functionalism
Everything has a function, whether that be education, the family, religion etc. They believe that society is a system of separate parts that are held together by their shared culture or value consensus.
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Durkheim's main beliefs about the role of education
1. creates social solidarity by communicating societys culture to the younger generation 2. prepare children for being in wider society-setting rules with punishments. 3. children to learn self discipline 4. gives a shared sense of identity
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Who said 'Society is like an Organism'
DURKHEIM
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Give 4 Functions of Education and Who Said Them
1. Creates Social Solidarity (DURKHEIM) 2. Teaches Skills Needed For Work (DURKHEIM) 3. Teaching Core Values (PARSONS) 4. Role Allocation and Meritocracy (DAVIS&MOORE, PARSONS)
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Parsons main beliefs about the role of education
1. acts like a bridge between family and wider society 2. represents society in miniature 3. children are now judged on UNIVERSALISTIC standards 4. gives equal opportunity, 100% fair, based on MERITOCRACY
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Who believed that the education system was fair and equal and what Functionalist criticised this
PARSONS felt that the education system was MERITOCRATIC - despite race, class, gender, everyone had the opportunity to achieve and be successful. DAVIS AND MOORE criticised - education is unequal as it helps to push the talented pupils to success.
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What were the two 'standards' a Functionalist said everyone is judged against?
PARSONS, said everyone is judged by PARTICULARISTIC standards within the family, these standards are individual to everyone. In school and wider society you are judged on UNIVERSALISTIC standards and every single person is judged on the same rules.
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Do Functionalists agree that 'Schools allocate pupils to their future work roles'
YES! Durkheim, Parsons, Davis and Moore, all felt that through schools assessing pupils educational and intellectual ability, it helped them to determine what job role best suited them (on their intelligence level).
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Who feels that the education system was unequal but for good reason
DAVIS and MOORE, they felt inequality was necessary to ensure the best jobs go to the most talented people and education helps push the best people to get the best grades (link to Streaming and Sets)
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Which Functionalist mentions New Vocationalism
DAVIS and MOORE, they felt that apprenticeships or specific college courses were aimed at preparing students for going straight in to work. Benefitting society by giving them a more skilled workforce.
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How did Marxists criticise Functionalist views?
Marxists feel that schools only transmit the ideology of the ruling class, which further suppresses the working class. Rather than the Functionalist view (durkheim) that education communicates societys culture.
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One Example of a Functionalist Criticism
They idealise education, whereas in reality the system is not fair or equal, as it is influenced by ethnicity, class and gender.
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Card 2

Front

1. creates social solidarity by communicating societys culture to the younger generation 2. prepare children for being in wider society-setting rules with punishments. 3. children to learn self discipline 4. gives a shared sense of identity

Back

Durkheim's main beliefs about the role of education

Card 3

Front

DURKHEIM

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

1. Creates Social Solidarity (DURKHEIM) 2. Teaches Skills Needed For Work (DURKHEIM) 3. Teaching Core Values (PARSONS) 4. Role Allocation and Meritocracy (DAVIS&MOORE, PARSONS)

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

1. acts like a bridge between family and wider society 2. represents society in miniature 3. children are now judged on UNIVERSALISTIC standards 4. gives equal opportunity, 100% fair, based on MERITOCRACY

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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