Eating Behaviour - SS3 - Anorexia Nervosa - Research

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Which 2 psychologists support the psychodynamic explanation of anorexia?
Steiner et al and Button & Warren
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Who did Steiner et al (1991) observe?
Parents of adolescents with AN
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What was it found that they often did?
Often defined child's needs rather than allowing them to define own
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What did Button & Warren (2001) find anorexics often rely on excessively and feel?
Others opinions & feel a lack of control over lives
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Who goes against the approach?
Wang et al
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What did Wang et al (2001) find a relationship between?
Dopamine levels and AN
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Which 2 psychologists support the behaviourist explanation of AN?
Fearn & Pollack
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Who did Fearn (1999) study?
Women living on Fiji
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What was found by 1998, after 3 years of receiving Western TV channels?
74% of Fijian women surveyed said they felt too big or fat and eating disorders previously unknown on the island began to appear
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What did Pollack (1995) find about many non-Western cultures?
They have a cultural norm to respect food and have a more positive attitude towards larger body sizes
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Who goes against the theory?
Eysenck & Flanagan (2000)
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What did they find about women in Western cultures?
They are virtually all exposed to the media, but only 3-4% of them develop an eating disorder
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Which 3 psychologists support the neural explanation of AN?
Kaye et al, Castro-Fornieles et al and Wang et al
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Who did Kaye et al (2005) use PET scans on?
10 recovering anorexics and 12 healthy women
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What was found when dopamine activities were compared?
Over activity in dopamine receptors in basal ganglia of recovering anorexics
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What did Castro-Fornieles (2006) find that adolescent girls with AN had?
Higher levels of homovanillic acid - a waste product of dopamine
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In who did Wang et al (2001) find higher dopamine levels?
Obese people
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How has the evolutionary explanation of AN been supported by its existence in history?
St Catherine Benincasa, in 14th century, was known to have fasted vigorously and gradually ate less and less
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What other observation lends support to the approach?
Menarche is delayed in pre-pubertal girls with AN, as amennorrhoea is a typical characteristic
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Card 2

Front

Who did Steiner et al (1991) observe?

Back

Parents of adolescents with AN

Card 3

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What was it found that they often did?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Button & Warren (2001) find anorexics often rely on excessively and feel?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

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Who goes against the approach?

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