Digital Technology: Keywords

WWW
WWW stands for World Wide Web and a system of Internet servers that support specially formatted documents. The documents are formatted in a markup language called HTML that supports links to other documents, as well as graphics & audio.
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The Internet
A global computer network providing a variety of information and communication facilities, consisting of interconnected networks using standardised communication protocols.
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URL
URL stands for Universal Resource Locator and this helps your web browser to find a website on the internet. It's the virtual equivalent of a street address, with each part playing its part.
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HTTP
HTTP stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol and is the set of rules for transferring files (text, graphic images, sound, video, and other multimedia files) on the World Wide Web.
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IP adress
A unique string of numbers separated by full stops that identifies each computer using the Internet Protocol to communicate over a network.
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Web Browser
A software application for accessing information on the World Wide Web. eg: Internet Explorer
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Web Server
It refers to server software, or hardware dedicated to running said software, that can serve contents to the World Wide Web, it also processes incoming network requests over HTTP and several other related protocols.
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Web Hosting
The activity or business of providing storage space and access for websites.
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FTP
FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol and the activity or business of providing storage space and access for websites.
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ISP
ISP stands for Internet Service Provider and a company that provides customers with Internet access. Data may be transmitted using several technologies, including dial-up, DSL, cable modem, wireless or dedicated high-speed interconnects.
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Search engine
A program that searches for and identifies items in a database that correspond to keywords or characters specified by the user, used especially for finding particular sites on the World Wide Web.
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Cache
Cache stores recently used information so that it can be quickly accessed at a later time. Computers incorporate several different types of caching in order to run more efficiently, thereby improving performance.
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Cookies
Cookies are messages that web servers pass to your web browser when you visit Internet sites. Your browser stores each message in a small file, called cookie.txt.
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Portal
A term, generally synonymous with gateway, for a World Wide Web site that is or proposes to be a major starting site for users when they get connected to the Web or that users tend to visit as an anchor site.
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Website
A website is a collection of publicly accessible, interlinked Web pages that share a single domain name. Websites can be created and maintained by an individual, group, business or organization to serve a variety of purposes.
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Webpage
What made up the World Wide Web. These documents are written in HTML (hypertext markup language) and are translated by your Web browser.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A global computer network providing a variety of information and communication facilities, consisting of interconnected networks using standardised communication protocols.

Back

The Internet

Card 3

Front

URL stands for Universal Resource Locator and this helps your web browser to find a website on the internet. It's the virtual equivalent of a street address, with each part playing its part.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

HTTP stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol and is the set of rules for transferring files (text, graphic images, sound, video, and other multimedia files) on the World Wide Web.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A unique string of numbers separated by full stops that identifies each computer using the Internet Protocol to communicate over a network.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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