Developmental Psychology: Attachment

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  • Created by: KarenL78
  • Created on: 07-10-17 12:37
ATTACHMENT
A TWO-WAY, ENDURING EMOTIONAL TIE TO A SPECIFIC OTHER PERSON.
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INTERACTIONAL SYNCHRONY
THE CO-ORDINATED RHYTHMIC EXCHANGES BETWEEN CARER AND INFANT.
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RECIPROCITY
THE INTERACTION OF SIMILAR BEHAVIOUR PATTERNS BETWEEN CARER AND INFANT.
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MULTIPLE ATTACHMENTS
THE FORMATION OF EMOTIONAL BONDS WITH MANY CARERS.
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STRANGER ANXIETY
THE DEGREE OF DISTRESS SHOWN BY INFANTS WHEN IN THE PRESENCE OF UNFAMILIAR PERSONS.
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SENSITIVE RESPONSIVENESS
RECOGNISING AND RESPONDING APPROPRIATELY TO INFANTS' NEEDS.
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IMPRINTING
A FORM OF ATTACHMENT WHERE OFFSPRING FOLLOW THE FIRST LARGE MOVING OBJECT.
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SENSITIVE PERIOD
A BEST TIME PERIOD WITHIN WHICH ATTACHMENTS CAN FORM, ALTHOUGH THEY CAN STILL FORM WITH MORE DIFFICULTY OUTSIDE THIS PERIOD.
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LEARNING THEORY
THE BELIEF THAT ATTACHMENTS DEVELOP THROUGH CONDITIONING PROCESSES.
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CLASSICAL CONDITIONING
OCCURS WHEN A RESPONSE PRODUCED NATURALLY BY A CERTAIN STIMULUS, BECOMES ASSOCIATED WTIH ANOTHER STIMULUS THAT IS NOT NORMALLY ASSOCIATED WITH THAT PARTICULAR RESPONSE.
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OPERANT CONDITIONING
LEARNING OCCURRING VIA REINFORCEMENT OF BEHAVIOUR, THUS INCREASING THE CHANCES OF THE BEHAVIOUR OCCURRING AGAIN.
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CUPBOARD LOVE THEORY
THE BELIEF THAT ATTACHMENTS ARE FORMED WITH PEOPLE WHO FEED INFANTS
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MONOTROPIC THEORY
THE IDEA THAT INFANTS HAVE AN INBUILT TENDENCY TO MAKE AN INITIAL ATTACHMENT WITH ONE ATTACHMENT FIGURE, USUALLY THE MOTHER.
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SOCIAL RELEASERS
INNATE, INFANT SOCIAL BEHAVIOURS THAT STIMULATE ADULT INTERACTION AND CAREGIVING.
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CRITICAL PERIOD
A SPECIFIC TIME PERIOD WITHIN WHICH AN ATTACHMENT MUST FORM.
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INTERNAL WORKING MODEL
A COGNITIVE FRAMEWORK USED TO UNDERSTAND THE WORLD, SELF AND OTHERS THAT ACTS AS A TEMPLATE FOR FUTURE RELATIONSHIPS BASED ON AN INFANTS PRIMARY ATTACHMENT.
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MONOTROPY
AN INNATE TENDENCY TO BECOME ATTACHED TO ONE PARTICULAR ADULT.
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THE STRANGE SITUATION
THE ACCEPTED OBSERVATIONAL TESTING METHOD FOR MEASURING ATTACHMENT TYPES.
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SEPARATION ANXIETY
THE DEGREE OF DISTRESS SHOW BY INFANTS WHEN APRTED FROM ATTACHMENT FIGURES.
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CULTURAL VARIATIONS
DIFFERENCES IN CHILD-REARING PRACTICES AND ATTACHMENT TYPES BETWEEN DIFFERENT CULTURAL GROUPINGS.
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CROSS-CULTURAL STUDIES
COMPARISON OF FINDINGS FROM PEOPLE OF DIFFERENT CULTURES.
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IMPOSED ETIC
USING TECHNIQUES THAT ARE NLY RELEVANT TO ONE CULTURE TO STUDY AND/OR DRAW CONCLUSIONS ABOUT ANOTHER.
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SEPARATION
SHORT TERM DISRUPTION OF AN ATTACHMENT BOND.
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DEPRIVATION
LONG TERM DISRUPTION OF AN ATTACHMENT BOND.
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PRIVATION
NEVER HAVING FORMED AN ATTACHMENT BOND.
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INSTITUIONAL CARE
CHILDCARE PROVIDED BY ORPHANAGES & CHILDREN'S HOMES.
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AFFECTIONLESS PSYCHOPATHY
AN INABILITY TO SHOW AFFECTION OR CONCERN FOR OTHERS.
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CONTINUITY HYPOTHESIS
THE IDEA THAT THERE IS CONSISTENCY BETWEEN EARLY EMOTIONAL EXPERIENCES & LATER RELATIONSHIPS.
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TEMPERAMENT HYPOTHESIS
THE IDEA THAT THE NATURE OF INFANTS' ATTACHMENTS IS DUE TO INNATE PERSONALITY FACTORS.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

THE CO-ORDINATED RHYTHMIC EXCHANGES BETWEEN CARER AND INFANT.

Back

INTERACTIONAL SYNCHRONY

Card 3

Front

THE INTERACTION OF SIMILAR BEHAVIOUR PATTERNS BETWEEN CARER AND INFANT.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

THE FORMATION OF EMOTIONAL BONDS WITH MANY CARERS.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

THE DEGREE OF DISTRESS SHOWN BY INFANTS WHEN IN THE PRESENCE OF UNFAMILIAR PERSONS.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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