Culteral Deprivation

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  • Created by: Becky0701
  • Created on: 05-04-17 13:21
Culteral Deprevation
Refers to things such as language, self-discipline and reasoning skills.
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Language
Is an essential part of the process of education and the way in which parents communicate with their children affecting their developement.
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Hubbs-Tait et al (2002)
Found that where parents use language that challenges their children to evaluate their understanding or abilities results in cognative improvements. Example "What do you think?"
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Leo Feinstein (2008)
Educated parents are more likely to challange their childrens language and are more likely to use praise which encourages their children to develop a sense of their own competence.
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Carl Bereiter and Siegfried Engelmann (1966)
Claim that the language used in a lower-class household is deficient. They describe lower-class families as communicating by gestures, single words or disjointed phrases.
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Basil Bernstein (1975)
The elaborated code: used by the middle and upper class where they have a larger vocabulary range with more complex sentences. The restricted code: used by lower and working-class which includes the use of limited vocabulary and simple sentences.
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Parents' Education
It is argued that the parents' education will have major affects on the childs education. It is argued that educated parents will motivate and encourage achievement more than less educated parents.
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Douglas (1964)
Found that working-class parents placed less value on education. As a result, they were less ambitious for their children and gave them less encouragement.
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Parenting Style
Educated parents' parenting style is marked by harsh or inconsistent that emphasises "doing what you are told" and "behaving yourself" which prevents the child from learning independance and self-control leading to poorer motivation at school.
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Parents' Educational Behaviours
Educated parents are more aware of what is needed to assist their children's educational progress. Due to this, they engage in behaviour such as "reading to their children, teaching them letters, numbers, songs, poems and nursery rhymes".
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Use of Income
Better educated parents not only tend to have a higher income, they also spend their income in ways which will promote their childs educational success.
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Bernstein and Young (1967)
Found that middle-class mothers are more likely to buy educational toys, books and activities that encourage reasoning skills and stimulate intellectual developement than working-class ones.
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Barry Sugarman (1970)
Argues that the working-class subculture has 4 key features that act as a barrier to educational achievement: Fatailism, Collectivism, Immediate gratification and Present-time orientation.
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Barry Sugarman- Fatalism
A belief in fate and that 'whatever will be will be' and that there is nothing you can do to change your status.
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Barry Sugarman- Collectivism
Valuing being part of a group more than succeeding as an individual.
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Barry Sugarman- Immediate Gratification
Seeking pleasure now rather than making sacrifices in order to get rewards in the future.
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Barry Sugarman- Present-Time Orientation
Seeing the present as more important than the future and so not having long-term goals.
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Compensatory Education
Aims to tackle the problem of cultural deprevation by providing extra resources to schools and communities in deprived areas.
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Nell Keddie (1973)
Sees culteral deprevation as a myth and sees it as a victim-blaming explanation. She argues that people are just culturally different and argues that a child cannot be deprived of its own culture.
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Card 2

Front

Is an essential part of the process of education and the way in which parents communicate with their children affecting their developement.

Back

Language

Card 3

Front

Found that where parents use language that challenges their children to evaluate their understanding or abilities results in cognative improvements. Example "What do you think?"

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Educated parents are more likely to challange their childrens language and are more likely to use praise which encourages their children to develop a sense of their own competence.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Claim that the language used in a lower-class household is deficient. They describe lower-class families as communicating by gestures, single words or disjointed phrases.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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