Cohen- Status frustration and delinquent subcultures

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  • Created by: chend96
  • Created on: 12-04-14 20:49
What did cohen suggest about merton?
That he only focused on utalitarian crime
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What did cohen therefore argue?
That there should be a focus on non-utalitarian crime
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What did cohen and cloward and ohlin focus on?
The position of groups within the social structure, not individuals and how they adapt to the strain they may face in achieving social goals.
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What did cohen therefore focus on?
Working class juvenile delinquency
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Explain about what working class believe in
They believe in the mainstream success goals of society
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What prevents them from achieving them?
The fact that they live in deprived areas, have educational failure and are unlikely to achieve a job.
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What are they at the bottom of?
Stratification system
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What does this mean?
There paths to sucess are blocked
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What happens as a result?
They lack the opportunities to achieve mainstream goals through the approved means
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What does this lead to? (sf)
Status frustration
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Define status frustration
When individuals feel frustrated because they are denied status within society
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What else does this blocked opportunities lead to?
Delinquent subcultures
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Define delinquent subculture
This is a reversal of mainstream beliefs- formation of new norms and values which allow for new means of achieving goals
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But why is different to the means?
They are illegitimate
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What does this give w/c boys the opportunity to gain?
Peer status
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why is this status gained?
because society denies them status so they gain it by engaging in non-utalitarian
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What is this known as
revenge
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Why is this revenge?
Because they commit crimes within society because society denies them status
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what does this explain
Why a large proportion of juvenile delinquency is non utalitarian
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what crimes are non-utalitarian?
vadalism, joy riding, property crimes
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why do w/c boys feel motivated by the peer status?
because it allowes them to be malicious, intimidating and to cause trouble
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What is a strength of this approach?
It explains why status frustration can lead to non-utalitarian crime
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what is a criticism of this theory?
That it assumes that working class boys aim to achieve mainstream goals
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What is a second criticsm?
It assumes that all working class boys will join subcultures and lead a life of crime.
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What is a third criticsm of this?
That it ignores middle class crime
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What is a fourth criticsm?
That it doesnt explain why people in the same position as w/c boys commit crimes.
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What does matza suggest?
That people drift in and out of subcultures and are not fully committed
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What did cohen therefore argue?

Back

That there should be a focus on non-utalitarian crime

Card 3

Front

What did cohen and cloward and ohlin focus on?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did cohen therefore focus on?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Explain about what working class believe in

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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