CHILD LANGUAGE ACQUISITION

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  • Created by: Kayleigh
  • Created on: 13-05-14 14:19
Noam Chomsky
LAD. Innate. E.g. formation of past tense verbs 'runned'.
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Skinner
Imitation. Positive/negative reinforcement. E.g. pointing at a cup, naming it correctly, then caregiver says, 'well done!'
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Jerome Bruner
Combination of Chomsky and Skinner. LASS. E.g. if a child grew up with no caregiver then there would be no need for language.
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Jean Piaget
Cognitive theory. Progression through 4 key stages. Processes based upon actions. Serialisation and object permanence.
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DeCasper and Fifer
Back up Chomsky. 3-day old babies recognise their mother's voice.
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Mehlar et al.
Back up Bruner. 4-day old babies can distinguish between utterances of their own language and another language.
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Fis phenomenon.
Berko and Brown's research. Child labels a plastic fish 'fis'. When asked, 'is that your 'fis'?' child rejects it. When asked, 'is that your fish?' the child replies, 'yes, my fis.'. Shows cognitive ahead of pnological.
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Wug test.
Berko-Gleason's research. 'This is a wug. Now there is another one. There are two...' Demonstrates how children pluralise words when necessary.
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Virtuous errors.
Not mistakes, logical errors. Pluralisation 'mans' or past tense 'runned'.
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Piaget's object permanence.
Knowing things still exist even though you can't see them. E.g. if a ball is covered up, it is still there and still exists. Child may not understand concepts such as 'dream' as they can't see it.
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Nelson's four categories.
It's an example of lexical development. 60% of a child's first 50 words were naming words (nouns).
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Imitation. Positive/negative reinforcement. E.g. pointing at a cup, naming it correctly, then caregiver says, 'well done!'

Back

Skinner

Card 3

Front

Combination of Chomsky and Skinner. LASS. E.g. if a child grew up with no caregiver then there would be no need for language.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Cognitive theory. Progression through 4 key stages. Processes based upon actions. Serialisation and object permanence.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Back up Chomsky. 3-day old babies recognise their mother's voice.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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