chemistry A2 organic synthesis reactions

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  • Created by: Shanaznaz
  • Created on: 13-06-16 07:49
alkane ---> haloalkane
Cl2 - UV light - free radical substitution
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haloalkane ----> alcohol
koh/Naoh - heat under reflux - nuecleophilic substitution
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haloalkane ----> alkene
alcoholic koh- heat under reflux, distillation- elimination reaction
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haloalkane ----> nitrile
kcn in ethanol - heat uder reflux - nuecleophilic substution
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haloalkanes ---> primary amines
excess alcoholic NH3 - heat under reflux - neucleophilic substitution
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primary amines ----> secondary amines
chloroalkane - warm - nuecleophilic substitution
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secondary amine ----> tertiary amine
chloroalkane - warm - nuelceophilic substitution
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tertary amine ----> Quaternary ammonium salt
chloroalkane - warm -nuecleophilic substitution
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alkene ---> alkane
Ni/H2 - 150 c - 2 atm
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alkene ----> dihaloalkane
br2/cl2 - room temp - electrophic addition
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alkene ---> haloakane
HBr - room temp - electrophilic addition
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alkene ---> alkyl hydrogen sulphate
conc. h2so4 - cold
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alkyl hydrogen sulphate ---> alcohol
water - warm
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alkene - alcohol
1/ h2so4 - electrophilic addtion 2/ h2o - warm - hydrolysis
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nitrile ----> primary amine
LiAlH4 - dry ether - reduction
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nitrile ---> carboxylic acid
dilute HCl - heat under reflux
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alcohol ---> alkene
conc h2so4/ conc h3po4 - elimination - dehydration - heat under reflux
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secondary alcohol ---> carbonyl
pottasium dichromate + dilute h2so4 - heat - oxidation
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primary alcohol ---> carboxylic acid
pottasium + dilute h2so4 - heat - reflux
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carbonyl ---> alcohol
NaBH4 - reduction - nuecleophilic addition
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carboxylic acid ---> carboxylate salt
naoh - room temp
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amine ---> alkyl ammonium salt
aquous HCl - room temp
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carbonyl ----> hydroxynitrile
NaCN + h2so4 - nuecleophilic addition - room temp
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acyl chloride ---> carboxylic acid
h2o - room temp - nuecleophilic addition/elemination
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acyl chloride ---> amide
NH£ - room temp - nuecleophilic addition/elemination
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acyl anhydride ---> carboxylic acid
water - warm
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acyl anhydride ---> amide
NH3 -room temp - nuecleophilic addition/elemination
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carboxylic acid ----> ester
alcohol + conc h2so4 -heat under reflux -estrification
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acyl chloride ----> ester
alcohol - room temp - nuecleophilic addition/elimination
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acyl anhydride ----> ester
alcohol - room temp - nuecleophilic addition/elimination
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ester ----> carboxylic acid + alcohol
conc h2so4 - heat under reflux - hydrolysis
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ester ----> carboxylate salt + alcohol
aquous naoh - heat under reflux
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acyl chloride ----> N substituted amide
primary amine - room temp - nuecleophilic addition/elimination
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acyl anhydride ---> N substituted amide
primary amine - room temp - nuecleophilic addition/elimination
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benzene ---> nitrobenzene
conc h2so4 + conc nitric acid - warm under reflux - electrophilic substitution
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benzene ----> alkyl benzene
CH3Cl + AlCl3 - warm under reflux - electrophilic substitution
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benzene ----> phenyl benzene
acyl chloride +AlCl3 -room temp - electrophilic substitution
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nitrobenzene ----> phenyl amine
sn/ conc HCl - room temp - reduction
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

koh/Naoh - heat under reflux - nuecleophilic substitution

Back

haloalkane ----> alcohol

Card 3

Front

alcoholic koh- heat under reflux, distillation- elimination reaction

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

kcn in ethanol - heat uder reflux - nuecleophilic substution

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

excess alcoholic NH3 - heat under reflux - neucleophilic substitution

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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