A mixture of two or more metals which aren't chemically bonded to each other.
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A substance without water in it
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Aqueous Solution
A solution made by dissolving a substance into water.
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The smallest part of an element
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Atomic Number
The number of protons in the nucleus of an element
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Avogadro's Constant
The number of defined particles in one mole of the substance.
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An alkaline compound that reacts with a compound to form salts
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Bond Energy
The energy required to break a bond or the energy released when a new bond is made.
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The method through which atoms are held together in a substance.
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A substance that increase the rate of reaction
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The process of separation of different liquids via filter paper
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Collision Theory
The idea that increasing the number of collisions between particles will increase the rate of reaction.
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The amount of one type of substance in a medium
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The change of state from gas to liquid
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A medium or volume that allows heat or electricity to pass through it.
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Covalent Bond
The sharing of electrons between two atoms when bonding together.
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The breaking down of an organic compound or hydrocarbon into a smaller compound
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The formation of crystals when a saturated solution is left to cool
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The mass of a substance divided by its volume
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Displacement Reaction
A reaction when a more reactive element takes the place of a less reactive element
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A method of separating a liquid from a mixture by boiling and condensing.
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The breakdown of an ionic compound using electricity.
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A small charged particle found rotating around the nucleus of an atom.
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A simple substance containing only one type of atom
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A chemical reaction which takes in heat from the surroundings
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The change of state from liquid to gas.
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A chemical reaction which gives out heat to the surroundings.
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The breakdown of glucose by yeast without the use of oxygen, producing ethanol and carbon dioxide.
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Fossil fuel
A fuel formed from the remains and skeletons of dead matter from over a million years ago
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A substance that releases energy when combusted.
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Functional group
A group of atoms which are responsible for the characteristics and chemical reactions for that homologous series.
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Coating a metal with a protective layer of zinc.
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Haber Process
The industrial process for the production of ammonia from hydrogen and nitrogen.
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A compound containing only carbon and hydrogen.
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A medium or substance that does not conduct heat or electricity.
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Substances with the same molecular formula but a different arrangement and order of atoms.
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Atoms of the same element with different number of neutrons
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An indicator which shows whether a substance is acidic or alkaline.
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Can be bent or hammered into shape.
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Mass Number
The number of protons and neutrons in an atom.
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The relative formula mass of a substance in grams
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A molecule that can combine to form a polymer
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The reaction of an acid and an alkali to form a neutral product.
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Noble Gas
An unreactive element found in group 0 of the periodic table
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The central section of an atoms which contains protons, neutrons and electrons.
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Rocks containing traces of metal or metal compounds within them
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Loss of electrons in a chemical reaction.
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Oxidising Agent
The substance which adds oxygen to another substance.
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A horizontal row of elements in the periodic table.
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Periodic Table
The arrangement of elements in the order of increasing atomic number in a table.
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pH Scale
A scale which shows how acidic or alkaline a substance is.
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A substance which is made up of loads of small molecules joined together.
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The chemical reaction combining monomers to form polymers.
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Qualitative Analysis
A method of finding out the elements present in an unknown substance via a series of chemical tests
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Rate of Reaction
The amount of product made in a certain amount of time.
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Reactivity Series
A list of elements ordered in terms of increasing reactivity
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Redox Reactions
Reactions where both reduction and oxidation occur.
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Reducing Agent
A substance that removes oxygen from another substance
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Gain of electrons in a chemical reaction
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Relative Atomic Mass
The mass of an atom using a universal scale
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Reversible reaction
A reaction that can be reversed so the products can be turned back into the reactants
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The chemical erosion of iron and steel
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Compounds formed when the hydrogen in an acid is displaced by a metal
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The amount of solute that dissolves in a given quantity of solvent
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A substance that can be dissolved.
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A mixture of a solute and a solvent.
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A substance that dissolves a solute.
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Thermal Decomposition
The breakdown of compounds via heat
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Universal Indicator
A mixture of indicators combined as one that can be used to measure the pH of a substance.
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The amount of product gained from a reaction
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Card 2


A substance without water in it



Card 3


A solution made by dissolving a substance into water.


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Card 4


The smallest part of an element


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Card 5


The number of protons in the nucleus of an element


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