Charlton et al

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what was the aim
to see the effect of TV on the pro and anti social behaviour of children who had not been previously exposed to it
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how many participants were used
160 children (across 2 schools) aged 3-8
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what happened before TV was introduced
the children's playground behaviour was monitored for two weeks using hidden cameras and their pro and anti social behaviours were noted e.g. sharing/hitting
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when was TV introduced
1 year after the first observation
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how long after TV was introduced was it until they observed children for a second time
5 years
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what else was used as data other than the observations
parents and teachers had to fill out questionnaires about the behaviour of the children
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what were the findings
there were 9 significant changes between the two observations. -2 in pro social behaviour of boys. -2 in anti social behaviour of boys. +5 in pro social behaviour of boys and girls.
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what was the conclusion
TV has no effect on the anti-social behaviour of children
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generalisability
large sample size. not generalisable to all cultures because remote island of St Helena (ethnocentrism)
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reliability
can't repeat because unique event. inter-rater reliability because if one researcher disagreed that a behaviour was anti social for example it was discarded
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applicability
controversial debate about the influence of the media and specifically TV on anti-social behaviour
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validity
presence of hidden cameras may initially have caused more contrived behaviour from the children. ecological validity as children's natural environment of a school.
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ethics
no potential harm as TV was going to be introduced regardless. consent received from parents as children are minors
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how many participants were used

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160 children (across 2 schools) aged 3-8

Card 3

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what happened before TV was introduced

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Card 4

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when was TV introduced

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Card 5

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how long after TV was introduced was it until they observed children for a second time

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