Cell Organelles

What is the nucleus?
Controls the cell's activity by controlling the transcription of DNA. Contains nucleolus which makes ribosomes. Nuclear envelope has pores so substances can move in & out.
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What are ribosomes?
Where protein-synthesis occurs. It floats in the cytoplasm and made from proteins & RNA
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What is the cell surface membrane?
Regulates the movement of substances in & out of the cell. It has receptor proteins to respond to hormones and is made from lipids & proteins.
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What is rough endoplastic reticulum (RER)?
It folds & processes proteins which have been made from ribosomes. The surface is covered in ribosomes.
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What is smooth endoplastic reticulum (SER)?
Synthesises & processes lipids - similar to RER but has no ribosomes.
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What is the mitochondria?
Site of aerobic respiration where ATP is produced. The matrix contains mitochondrial enzymes for respiration.
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What is the golgi body?
It processes & packages new lipids & proteins and also makes lysosomes.
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What is the golgi vesicles?
Stores & transports lipids & proteins made from the golgi body out of the cell through the cell surface membrane.
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What are lysosomes?
Contains lysozymes which assist in digesting invading cells or to break down worn out componants of the cell.
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What are chloroplasts?
Contains chlorophyll and where photosynthesis takes place.
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What is the cell wall?
Supports cells and prevents them from changing shape - either made from cellulose, chitin or murein depending on which cell type it's in.
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What is the vacuole?
Helps to create pressure in the cell & keeps it rigid. It also isolates unwanted chemicals inside of the cell.
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What is the cytoplasm?
It fills out the cell to keep the organelles in place aand contains molecules to breakdown waste and assist metabolic activity.
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What is cytosol?
It's the liquid inside of a cell and is the site where enzyme activity & signal transduction occurs.
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Card 2

Front

What are ribosomes?

Back

Where protein-synthesis occurs. It floats in the cytoplasm and made from proteins & RNA

Card 3

Front

What is the cell surface membrane?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is rough endoplastic reticulum (RER)?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is smooth endoplastic reticulum (SER)?

Back

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