Cause of the First World War, Historian Opinions

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Christopher Clark
'The Sleepwalkers' Everyone caused it
1 of 17
Sidney Fay
Austria's faut in short term. Placed lots of blame on Russia and Serbia
2 of 17
Vladimir Lenin
Claimed there was evidence of secret deals in the Triple Entente. Caused by, imperialism and a capitalist desire for wealth.
3 of 17
Hans Ulrich Wehler
Completly Germany's fault and the government wanted war
4 of 17
Gerhardt Ritter
Was a extreme German nationalist. Germany acted defensivly at all times. Was critical of Fischer.
5 of 17
Luigi Albertini
Germany's fualt because of the Schlieffen Plan as it was a plan for mobilisation
6 of 17
John Rohl
German and Austrian government were pushing for a localised war. Provoked continental war with France. Mistakenly believed there was favourable circumstances. Wanted to fix domestic issues and create solidarity.
7 of 17
Niall Ferguson
British diplomacy was unclear. There was ample oppertunities for Germany to backdown
8 of 17
V.R. Berghahan
Flawed political systems. It was mostly Germany's fault. Britain forced Germany into an arms race.
9 of 17
David Blackbourn
Blamed bourgouie system. Germany aspirations to be a world power, aspirations were shared by soilders and civillians. Germany created international tensions since 1890.
10 of 17
Karl Erdmann
Germany was neither willing for war or was pushed into war during the July Crisis. Took risk of war in hope of breaking the Triple Entente.
11 of 17
Fritz Fellner
Austria was planning a third Balkan war.
12 of 17
Gordon Martel
The decision to go to war was a calculated risk
13 of 17
Ruth Henig
Belligerant foreign policy from Vienna, combined with Germany's aggressive Weltpolitik and Balkanpolitik Habsburg.
14 of 17
A.J.P. Taylor
Train timetables in the short term and militarism in the long term.
15 of 17
Arno Meyer
Claimed all countries were in a revolutionary state and war was to stall a revolution so the elites could hold onto their power
16 of 17
David Lloyd George
Europe slide into war and no contry wanted war and certaintly not on the scale it was.
17 of 17

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Sidney Fay


Austria's faut in short term. Placed lots of blame on Russia and Serbia

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Vladimir Lenin


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Hans Ulrich Wehler


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Gerhardt Ritter


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