Carbohydrates

  • Created by: Esme.B
  • Created on: 07-11-17 11:11
What are the monomer that make up carbohydrates called?
Monosaccharides
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What type of carbohydrate is glucose?
monosaccharide with six carbon atoms = Hexose monosaccharide
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What are the two main forms of glucose?
alpha + beta = both have a ring structure
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List two functions of the structure of glucose?
Soluble+ can be easily transported
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What type of carbohydrate is Ribose?
monosaccharide with fiver carbons atoms= Pentose monosaccharide
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What are all carbohydrates made up of?
Three chemical elements= carbon, hydrogen + oxygen.
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What types of bonds are monosaccharides joined together by?
Glycosidic bonds
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Define a 'condensation reaction'
H+ atom on one monosaccharide bonds to hydroxyl (OH) group on other, this releases a molecule of water.
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Define ' Hydrolysis reaction'
molecule of water reacts with the glycosidic bond, breaking it apart.
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When is a disaccharide formed?
When two monosaccharides join together.
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When is a polysaccharide formed ?
when more than two monosaccharides are together
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What type of carbohydrate is glucose?

Back

monosaccharide with six carbon atoms = Hexose monosaccharide

Card 3

Front

What are the two main forms of glucose?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

List two functions of the structure of glucose?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What type of carbohydrate is Ribose?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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