Carbohydrates

What 3 elements do carbohydrates contain?
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
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What 3 forms can carbohydrates be found in?
Monosaccharides, Disaccharides, Polysaccharides
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What are monosaccharides?
3 fatty acid chains and glycerol
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What are disaccharides?
Dimers of carbohydrates formed when two monosaccharides are condensed together
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How to test for reducing sugar?
Benedicts
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How to test for non-reducing sugar?
Negative benedicts test then sodium hydroxide
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What are polysaccharides?
Many monosaccharides formed by condensation reactions
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What are examples of polysaccharides?
Starch, Glycogen and Cellulose
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What is the test for starch?
Iodine- Changes colour from orange to blue black
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What are functions of carbohydrates?
Substrate in respiration, intermediate in respiration, energy stores, structural, transport, recognition
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What 3 forms can carbohydrates be found in?

Back

Monosaccharides, Disaccharides, Polysaccharides

Card 3

Front

What are monosaccharides?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are disaccharides?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How to test for reducing sugar?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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