Buddhist Beliefs

Dhamma
The teachings of the Buddha and the Universal Law
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Paticcasumpada
Dependent arising - everything depends on something else for its existence
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Anicca
Impermanence - nothing lasts forever
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Anatta
No fixed self - there is no permanent or eternal self
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Dukkha
Suffering - suffering is an inevitable part of life
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Three Poisons
Ignorance, Greed and Hatred
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Five Aggregates (Skandhas)
Form, Sensation, Perception, Mental Formation, Consciousness
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Sunyata
Nothing has independent existence (universal application of anatta)
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Buddha-Nature
Everyone is already enlightened but we need to realise it
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Arhat
A 'perfect person', free from the three poisons, who will not be reborn when they die. A person must follow the Eight-fold Path to become an Arhat.
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Bodhisattva
An enlightened Buddhist who chooses to remain in the samsara cycle to help others to become enlightened. They must develop the Six Perfections.
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Pure Land Buddhism
Pure Land Buddhists aim to be reborn into the Pure Land, to be taught by Amitabha Buddha. They practice by chanting Amitabha Buddha's name.
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Siddhartha Gautama
Born an Indian prince around 2,500 years ago. He grew up surrounded by luxury and did not experience any hardship or suffering at an early age.
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Jakata 075
Siddhartha escaped the city and came across a sick man, old man, dead man and a holy man. These inspired him to give up his life of luxury and leave his wife and child.
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Ascetism
Siddhartha lived as an ascetic for 6 years. After living without any worldly pleasures, he came up with the 'Middle Way', between luxury and asceticism.
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Nibbana
Freedom from suffering and rebirth
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The First Noble Truth (Dukkha)
The Truth of Suffering: life is full of suffering
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The Second Noble Truth (Samudaya)
The Truth of the Causes of Suffering: craving (tanha) and the three poisons
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The Third Noble Truth (Nirodha)
The Truth of the End of Suffering: suffering can be ended by resisting tanha and the three poisons. When a person ends suffering they become enlightened and achieve nibbana
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The Fourth Noble Truth (Magga)
The Eight-fold Path: the path to ending suffering is the Middle Way and consists of eight practices which are sometimes grouped into the Three-fold Way
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The Three-fold Way
Ethics (Sila), Meditation (Samadhi) and Wisdom (Panna)
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Sila (Ethics)
Right Speech, Right Action, Right Livelihood
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Samadhi (Meditation)
Right Effort, Right Mindfulness, Right Concentration
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Panna (Wisdom)
Right Understanding, Right Intention
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Samadhi (Meditation)
Right Effort, Right Mindfulness, Right Concentration
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Panna (Wisdom)
Right Understanding, Right Intention
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Sangha
The Buddhist community
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The Three Jewels
The Buddha, The Dhamma, The Sangha
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Theravada Buddhism
'The School of Elders' - more traditional branch of Buddhism
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Mahayana Buddhism
Umbrella term to describe more modern Buddhist traditions
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Buddhahood
When a Mahayana Buddhist achieves enlightenment and becomes a Buddha
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Sukhavati
The paradise where Amitabha Buddha lives and Pure Land Buddhists aim to be reborn
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Dependent arising - everything depends on something else for its existence

Back

Paticcasumpada

Card 3

Front

Impermanence - nothing lasts forever

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

No fixed self - there is no permanent or eternal self

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Suffering - suffering is an inevitable part of life

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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