Britain Transformed Acts 1918-79

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  • Created on: 05-06-18 14:53
Representation of the People Act 1918
Trebled the electorate from 7.7-21.4 million; enfranchised all men over 21 and women over 30 who met a property qualification
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Import Duties Act 1932
Introduced a 10% tariff on most imports and attempted to develop Imperial Preference (special trading agreements with countries in the British Empire)
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Unemployment Act 1934
Introduced a 'means test' for those whose unemployment insurance had run out
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Special Areas Act 1934
Introduced grants to try and stimulate industrial growth in depressed areas
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Public Order Act 1936
Banned inflammatory political meetings and the wearing of military-style uniforms
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Trades Disputes Act 1927
Prevented sympathy strikes and mass picketing
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Industrial Relations Act 1971
Set up a National Industrial Relations court to judge the validity of strikes and ordered unions to register or face fines if any action was judged as unwarranted
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Control of Employment Act 1939
Allowed semi-skilled workers to undertake formerly skilled jobs and exempted skilled workers in essential war industries from military service
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Unemployment Insurance Acts 1920-21
Extended unemployment insurance to cover most workers for a period of 15 weeks
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Local Government Act 1929
Abolished workhouses and saw a total closure of such establishments by 1930
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National Economy Act 1931
Began to introduce a means test for those whose unemployment entitlement had run out and placed a cap of six months after which benefits had to be reapplied for
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Family Allowances Act 1945
Created monetary child benefits for the first time, paid to mothers in order to provide an independent income
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Industrial Injuries Act 1946
Gave workers the right to be compensated by the Ministry of National Insurances for accidents in the workplace
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National Insurance Act 1946
Made unemployment and sickness benefits available to all workers and paid a state pension to men over 65 and women over 60
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National Health Service Act 1948
Established a service that made healthcare available to all; the NHS would offer curative and preventative care, mental and physical care, hospitals, GP surgeries, dental care and opticians
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National Assistance Act 1948
Offered welfare benefits to those not covered by National Insurance (homeless, disabled, single mothers and pensioners in poverty could claim)
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National Insurance Act 1970
Gave pension rights to 100,000 people not covered by the 1948 Act; it offered further provisions for low-income families and the disabled
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Butler Education Act 1944
Made access to secondary education for children of less wealthy parents; established a tripartite system and extended the school leaving age to 16
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Circular 10/65
Encouraged LEAs to adopt comprehensive education, particularly through financial pressure; most LEAs abolished selection and created comprehensive schools
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Hospital Plan 1962
Created 90 new hospitals, redesigned and modernised 134 hospitals and refurbished 356 hospitals
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NHS Reorganisation Act 1973
Introduced a new management structure and increased management costs
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Crowther Report 1959
Recommended raising the school leaving age to 16, creating county colleges for post-16 education and developing sixth form courses
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Newsom Report 1963
Recommended that schools should develop curricula suitable for all students and that the links between deprivation and poor achievement should be investigated
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Percy Report 1945
Recommended that science and engineering courses should be further developed and argued that university provision should be expanded to support an influx of students from the Butler Education Act
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Barlow Report 1946
Confirmed that there were too few science and engineering students to fulfil future positions and argued for government-funded expansion of universities
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Sex Disqualification (Removal) Act 1919
Removed the gender bar in civil service and law
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Matrimonial Causes Act 1937
Allowed divorce is either partner had been unfaithful or in the case of desertion after three years; divorce rose from 4,800 per year to 38,000 by 1951
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Divorce Reform Act 1969
Introduced the concept of 'no-guilt' divorce, where evidence of cruelty, desertion or adultery was not need; divorce increased from 45,000 in 1968 to 75,000 by 1971
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Abortion Act 1967
Allowed termination up to 28 weeks' gestation if two doctors certified that continued pregnancy could lead to health risks for the mother
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Equal Pay Act 1970
A pre-condition to becoming part of the EEC, to come into effect by 1975; many women did not receive equal pay on the basis that their jobs were different to those performed by men
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Sex Discrimination Act 1975
Set up the Equal Opportunities Commission to ensure fair employment practices, legal protection against discrimination and tribunals for sexual harassment
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Alien Orders Act 1920
Required migrant workers to register with the police before seeking employment; those who failed to comply would be punished with deportation
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Special Restrictions Act 1925
Forced 'colored' seamen to prove their British citizenship to immigration authorities or face deportation; the act assumed that 'coloured' seamen were non-British unless they could prove their status
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Commonwealth Immigrants Act 1962
An attempt to control immigration that ended the extensive rights of commonwealth citizens to migrate to the UK; limited immigration based on employment, skills and dependency
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Commonwealth Immigrants Act 1968
Restricted immigration from the new Commonwealth to 1,500 per year, which subsequently left 200,000 Kenyan Asians stateless, and introduced a 'grandfather clause'
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Race Relations Acts 1965 and 1968
Outlawed racial discrimination in public places and incitement to racial hatred; set up a Race Relations Board to investigate allegations of racial discrimination and a Community Relations Commission for Racial Equality to promote co-operation
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Race Relations Act 1976
Outlawed indirect discrimination and set up a new Commission for Racial Equality to police work against discrimination
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Cinematograph Films Act 1927
Passed to protect the British film industry against competition from the USA; ensured that 7.5% of films shown in cinemas were British-made, which rose to 20% in 1935
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Geddes Axe 1921
Recommended £87 million of cuts, which came from the government's military, health, housing and welfare budgets
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May Report 1931
Proposed significant reductions in the salaries of public sector workers and welfare benefits
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In Place of Strife 1969
Advocated restrictions on the right to strike, including a 60-day cooling-off period and paper ballot requirements
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Hadow Committee 1926
Recommended the abolition of elementary schools, dividing them into primary and secondary, and proposed raising the school leaving age to 15; its ideas were not adopted
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Clegg Commission 1979
A standing committee on Pay Comparability set up to provide recommendations on fixing pay and conditions in the public sector to reduce strike action
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Beeching Axe 1963
Shut down half of Britain's railway network
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Sexual Offences Act 1967
Decriminalised homosexual acts in private between two men over the age of 21
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Introduced a 10% tariff on most imports and attempted to develop Imperial Preference (special trading agreements with countries in the British Empire)

Back

Import Duties Act 1932

Card 3

Front

Introduced a 'means test' for those whose unemployment insurance had run out

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Introduced grants to try and stimulate industrial growth in depressed areas

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Banned inflammatory political meetings and the wearing of military-style uniforms

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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