BP 2

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  • Created by: Hannah
  • Created on: 21-05-14 15:51
When did the Short Parliament meet?
April - May 1640
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Why did Short Parliament meet?
Strafford recommend that Charles recall parliament for money to fight the Scots.
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How long did the Short Parl. last until it was dissolved?
6 weeks.
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When was the Second Bishops' War?
August - October 1640
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Which treaty ended the war?
Treaty of Ripon
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How much did Charles have to pay the Scots until a settlement was made?
£850 a day.
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When was the Long Parliament called?
November 1640
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Which "evil counsellors" did they impeach?
Laud and Strafford
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What other policies did they adopt?
Laud's 1634 canons condemned; Monopolists expelled from HOC; Petition to HOC to abolish episcopacy 'root and branch'.
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When did Charles agree to the Triennial Act?
1641
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Explain the Triennial Act.
Parliament must meet every 3 years.
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Which two courts were abolished in 1641 and why?
The Courts of Star Chamber and High Commission (had been used by Laud to persecute his critics).
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Why was there a chance of compromise in the summer of 1641?
Some MPs felt satisfied by the concessions Charles had made.
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Which concessions were these?
Sacrifice of Strafford; Triennial Act
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What else were they persuaded by?
Pym's radicalism; news that opposition leaders were closely connected to the Scottish Covenanters.
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What was a settlement prevented by?
The death of moderate Earl of Bedford, May 1641.
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Who was Bedford replaced by?
Lord Saye and Sele; Puritan, very distrustful of Charles.
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When was the Irish rebellion?
October, 1641
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When was the Grand Remonstrance passed?
December, 1641
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What did it outline?
The supposed crimes of those who supported Charles.
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By how many votes did it pass?
159 vs. 148
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When was the attempt on the five members?
January, 1642
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What was this attempt motivated by?
Rumours that Pym would charge Henrietta Maria with high treason.
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When did Charles depart from London?
1642
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When was the Nineteen Propositions drawn up?
June 1642
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What were it's conditions?
King's counsellors approved by parl.; parl. control army; parl. approve tutors of heirs; laws against catholics enforced.
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When did Charles raise his standard?
August, 1642
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Where?
Nottingham
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What is the estimated population of London at the time?
350,000 - 400,000
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How many printing presses did the Parl. control?
6
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How many did the Royalists control?
2
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In which two situations did the London militia aid Parl.?
Turnham Green (1642); seige of Gloucester (1643)
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Which three big weapon stores did Parl. control?
London; Portsmouth; Hull
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Who did Charles rely on for financial support?
A few wealthy Royalists.
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What three benefits did control of the navy bring Parl.?
Control over trade; prevent foreign aid; protect heartlands of SE.
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Explain the Assessment ordinance.
Imposed weekly assessments, based on ship money returns; reflect country's wealth more accurately.
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When was it passed?
February 1643
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What was the Sequestration Ordinance?
Seized property of Royalists; estates were managed by local commissioners; profits used for Parl. war effort.
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When was it passed?
March 1643
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What was the Compulsory Loans Ordinance?
Those worth £10 a year from land or £100 in goods required to leng 1/5 of revenue to Parl.
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When was it passed?
May 1643
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What was the Excise Ordinance?
Sales tax.
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When was it passed?
July 1643
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What was the Impressment Ordinance?
Conscription, ended reliance on volunteers and prevented desertion.
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When was it passed?
1643
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Why were Charles' allies worse than Parl.'s?
Irish Catholics only aided Parl. in propaganda war agains the king.
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How many Irish infantry were sent?
Only 6000; half destroyed at Battle of Nantwich.
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When did Charles divide his army?
1645, before the Battle of Naseby.
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When was the Battle of Edgehill?
October, 1642
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When did the peace talks at Oxford fail?
February, 1643
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When did Rupert capture Bristol?
July, 1643
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When did Parl. sign the Solemn League and Covenant with the Scots?
September, 1643
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When did the Scottish send aid?
January, 1644
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What did they send?
20,000 infantry and 3,000 cavalry.
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Within 8 months, how much Royalist land had they captured?
Nearly 1/3 of Royalist land in North.
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When was the Battle of Marston Moor?
July, 1644
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When did Montrose defeat Parl. Scottish forces?
September, 1644
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When was the argument between Cromwell and Manchester?
December, 1644
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When was Laud executed?
January, 1645
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When was the New Model Army ordinance passed?
February, 1645
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When was the Self-Denying Ordinance passed?
April, 1645
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Who was dismissed in this process?
Earls of Essex and Manchester.
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When was the Battle of Naseby?
June, 1645
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When did Parl. establish a national Presby. church and ban the prayer book?
August, 1645
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When did the Parl. Covenanters defeat Montrose?
September 1645
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Who were they led by?
David Leslie
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One of Rupert's mistakes?
Charged uphill to face an army twice his size (NMA).
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What did the Royalist army fail to follow up?
Rupert's successful cavalry charges.
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Who had the superior army at the beginning of the CW?
Charles
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What changed this?
The NMA.
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How has Wordon described the areas Parl. controlled?
"more populous and prosperous"
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When did Charles order the navy to accept him as their admiral?
1642
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What was their reaction?
Only 5 ships' captains obeyed.
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How did the navy help in seiges?
By blocking the feeflow of supplies from abroad.
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How much did London authorities loan Parliament for NMA?
£80,000
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When?
1645
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Who claimed "Parl,'s superiority in resources is unquestionable"?
Woolrych
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Who emphasize the way they "mobilised those resources"?
Smith
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Where did Parl. enforce a weekly tax in March 1643?
Twekesbury
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Who had to pay double?
Catholics
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Who claimed the NMA's "religious energy [...] made a noticeable difference to its fortunes on the battlefield"?
Gentles
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When was there a proposal in HOC to remove the altars and their rails?
January, 1641
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When did Charles leave London?
January, 1642
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How much did Parl. spend annually on the Navy?
£800,000
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Which city of coal did the Navy aid Parl. in blockading?
Newcastle
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Around how many royalists had property confiscated by Parl.?
c.5,000
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When did a plan for Strafford to escape abroad leak?
April, 1641
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When was a petition presented to HOC calling for Strafford's death?
April, 1641
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How many signatures did it have?
20,000
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How do the estimations of death for CW vary?
100,000 to 300,000
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why did Short Parliament meet?

Back

Strafford recommend that Charles recall parliament for money to fight the Scots.

Card 3

Front

How long did the Short Parl. last until it was dissolved?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When was the Second Bishops' War?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Which treaty ended the war?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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