Biotechnology Enzymes

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Reverse transcriptase
An enzyme used to generate complementary DNA from an RNA template, a process termed reverse transcription
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DNA ligase
Forms phosphodiester bonds, forming the sugar phosphate backbone
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DNA helicase
Removes histone coat and unpackages genes. Motor enzymes that move directionally along a nucleic acid phosphodiester backbone, separating two annealed nucleic acid strands
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RNA polymerase
An enzyme necessary for constructing RNA chains using DNA genes as templates, a process called transcription
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B-galactosidase
Breaks down fructose into glucose and galactose in the lac operon model
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Lactose permease
Protein channel enzyme to allow lactose to enter the bacterium in the lac operon model
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Card 2

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DNA ligase

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Forms phosphodiester bonds, forming the sugar phosphate backbone

Card 3

Front

DNA helicase

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

RNA polymerase

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

B-galactosidase

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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