Bioscience

Decrease in diameter (narrowing) of a blood vessen
vasoconstriction
1 of 69
Fluid between cells , also known as interstitial fluid
tissue fluid
2 of 69
Concious control of a body function
voluntary control
3 of 69
A property of cell membranes that allow passage of some substances by not other
Semipermeability
4 of 69
A control mechanism that increase and accelerates any change from normal in a physiological system; much rarer than negative feedback
positive feedback
5 of 69
Fat-based molecules containing phsphate, essential to the structure of the cell membrane
phospholipid
6 of 69
Defence mechanism by which body cells consume and destroy foreign materials "cell eating"
phagocytosis
7 of 69
Micro-organism capable of causing disease
pathogen
8 of 69
Any form of transport within the body thar does not require the use of energy
passive transport
9 of 69
the pressure exerted by water in a solution
osmotic pressure
10 of 69
the oxygenated form of haemoglobin
oxyhaemoglobin
11 of 69
movement of water down its concentration gradient across a semi permable membrane
osmosis
12 of 69
Intracellular structure that carried out a specific function
Organelle
13 of 69
Tissue swelling due to collection of fluid in the intracellular spaces
Oedema
14 of 69
Any substance which is digested, absorbed and used to promote body function
Nutrients
15 of 69
The defence mechanism that we are born with. e.g. skin
Non-specific
16 of 69
Any control mechanism that resists and reverses any change from normal in a ppsysiologcal system
Negative Feedback
17 of 69
All the chemical reactions that take pplace within the body
Metbolism
18 of 69
Sequence of metabolic steps in cellular biochemistry
Metabolic Pathway
19 of 69
An Antimicrobial enzyme present in some body fluids
Lysozymes
20 of 69
Watery fluid drained by the lymphatic system from the tissue spaces
Lymph
21 of 69
The general term for any substances that does not dissolve in water but dissolves in non-polar solvents like alcohol
Lipid
22 of 69
Band of connective tissue that binds one bone to another
Ligament
23 of 69
not under consious control
Involutary
24 of 69
Clotting process triggered by damaged blood vessels. needed for absoption of Vitamin B12
intrinsic factor
25 of 69
Inside a cell
intracellular
26 of 69
The physical process of breathing in
inspiration
27 of 69
Non-specific tissue response to damage
Inflammatory
28 of 69
inadequate levels of oxygen in the tissues
Hypoxia
29 of 69
A solution with a solute concentration lower than body fluids
Hypotonic
30 of 69
An abnormally low body temperature
Hypothermia
31 of 69
Abnormally low blood pressure
Hypotension
32 of 69
Abnormally low secretion of a body products e.g. hormone
Hyposecretion
33 of 69
Water hating
hydrophobic
34 of 69
water loving
hydophillic
35 of 69
high blood pressure
hypertension
36 of 69
Abnormally high secretion of a body products e.g. hormone
hypersecretion
37 of 69
A substances secreted by an endocrine gland
Hormone
38 of 69
Maintenance of a stable internal environment
Homeostasis
39 of 69
The cessation of blood flow
Haemostasis
40 of 69
The production of red blood cells
Haemopoiesis
41 of 69
The anaerobic breakdown of glucose to release some of its stored energy
Glycolysis
42 of 69
Storagem very high molecular weight form of glucose
Glycogen
43 of 69
Simple sugar used by cells for energy
Glucose
44 of 69
One class of protein, including antibodies
Globulin
45 of 69
Connective tissue cell that produces collagen fibres
Fibroblasts
46 of 69
the break down of a blood clot
fibrionlysis
47 of 69
glands which are ductless and produce hormones
Endocrine Glands
48 of 69
Glands which produce hormones outside of the body
exocrine glands
49 of 69
The state of physiological balance or equivalence
equilibrium
50 of 69
Movement of a substances from a region of high concentration to a region of low
Diffusion
51 of 69
The blood pressure when it is at its lowest point
Diastolic blood pressure
52 of 69
Movement of an indepentently motile cell from one place to another
Diapedesis
53 of 69
The contents of the cells organelles and nucleus
Cytoplasm
54 of 69
important sequence od aerobic metabolic reactions in cellular energy production
citric acid cycle
55 of 69
Microscopic cell extensions for moving materials through the lumen of a tube. it increases the surface area
Cilia
56 of 69
A substances that speeds up a biochemical reaction without taking part it in
Catalyst
57 of 69
Breaking down of larger molecules into smaller ones
Catabolism
58 of 69
A tiny blood vessel between an arteriole and a venule, which has leaky walls to allow exchange of substances between the blood and tissues
Capillary
59 of 69
The energy use of the body when at rest
basal metabolism
60 of 69
A protein that stimulates the body's immunological defences
Antigen
61 of 69
Defensive proteins synthesised by B- lymphocytes in response to the presence of antigen
antibody
62 of 69
Name of one of the pituitary glands at the front
anterior
63 of 69
Does not require oxygen
anaerobic
64 of 69
Synthesis of larger molecules from smaller ones
anabolism
65 of 69
The building blocks of proteins
amino acids
66 of 69
fat tissues
adipose tissue
67 of 69
requiring oxygen
aerobic
68 of 69
movement of substances across a cell membrane, up the concentration gradient,and requires energy
active transport
69 of 69

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Fluid between cells , also known as interstitial fluid

Back

tissue fluid

Card 3

Front

Concious control of a body function

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

A property of cell membranes that allow passage of some substances by not other

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

A control mechanism that increase and accelerates any change from normal in a physiological system; much rarer than negative feedback

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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