BIOLOGY 6: Learning Skills & Behaviour

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What does 'adaptable' mean?
Being able to cope with whatever the environment throws at them
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Why are complex animals adaptable?
Because of the variety of potential pathways in the brain
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What does having less flexible nervous systems make simpler animals' behaviour like?
More predictable and less adaptable
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What does the ability to to communicate by language (talk) depend on?
Hearing other people speak as a child
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There is a certain period where children must hear people speak or it may be too late to learn how to. What is this period called?
Critical period
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What age must children learn to speak by?
10
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What happens if a child does not learn to speak before the age of 10?
They will probably never be able to speak
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What evidence based on a study, backs up the theory that children must learn to hear during the critical period?
Feral children
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What does the study of feral children show?
Children found after the age of 10 do not learn to talk but children found before the age of 10 sometimes do
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Which part of the brain is the cerebral cortex? (back, front, inner, outer)
The outer part of the brain
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What type of structure does the cerebral cortex have (causing the brain to look wrinkled)?
A folded structure
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What 4 things does the cerebral cortex play a big role in?
Intelligence, memory, language and consciousness
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why are complex animals adaptable?

Back

Because of the variety of potential pathways in the brain

Card 3

Front

What does having less flexible nervous systems make simpler animals' behaviour like?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What does the ability to to communicate by language (talk) depend on?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

There is a certain period where children must hear people speak or it may be too late to learn how to. What is this period called?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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