Biology definitions

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Homozygous
person with 2 identical alleles for a characteristic eg. DD/dd
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Heterozygous
person with 2 different alleles for a characteristic eg. Dd
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Genotype
genetic makeup of an individual regarding a characteristic eg. Dd/DD/dd
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Phenotype
physical appearance of an individual regarding a characteristic eg. dimples or not
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Asexual Reproduction
self-reproducing organism, no fertilization needed, genetically identical daughter cells - cells, bacteria, strawberries
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Sexual Reproduction
2 gametes fuse
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Daughter cell
cell produced by reproduction/cell division
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Mitosis
cell division - genetically identical daughter cells
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Meiosis
production of gametes
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Gamete
sex cell containing 23 chromosomes
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Gene
short section of DNA carrying genetic information
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Allele
a version of a particular gene
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DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid - material of inheritance
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Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
amount of energy used daily at rest
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

person with 2 different alleles for a characteristic eg. Dd

Back

Heterozygous

Card 3

Front

genetic makeup of an individual regarding a characteristic eg. Dd/DD/dd

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

physical appearance of an individual regarding a characteristic eg. dimples or not

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

self-reproducing organism, no fertilization needed, genetically identical daughter cells - cells, bacteria, strawberries

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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