Bias in diagnosis

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Ebigno (1986)
Bias in diagnostic tools. Symptoms for depression vary from culture to culture, in Western culture symptoms include feelings of worthlessness and hopelessness and the loss of interest in activities, in Nigeria it is crawling and burning sensations.
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Koro disorder (South-east Asia)
A mental illness where one thinks that the ******* or penis are receding back into the body, and potentially killing them.
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Lewis (1990)
139 psychiatrists given case study (white or black person), asked what treatments should be given & whether criminal proceedings should take place. More likely to recommend drug treatment and criminal proceedings for black person.
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Weakness of Lewis (1990) research
Doesn't provide the race of the psychiatrist & psychiatrists wouldn't usually be asked whether criminal proceedings should take place- lacks ecological validity and mundane realism.
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Littlewood (1980)
Argues that the actions of an immigrant who is of ethnic minority may be judged as insane by some psychiatrists but could actually be an understandable response to disadvantage and racism e.g. language barriers.
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Littlewood and Lipsedge (1989)
However, the majority of immigrants in the UK are white, yet the bias only applies to black.
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Robins et al (1984)
Men are more likely to be diagnosed with alcohol abuse than women, whereas women are more likely to be diagnosed with serious depression or a phobia. However symptoms may differ.
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Walker (1994)
In the UK women with depression outnumber men two to six times- however there appears to be no gender bias in schizophrenia or bi-polar.
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Cochrane (1995)
In the early twentieth century, men were much more likely to attend hospital than women- however this doesn't prove that me suffer from more types of mental illness but just that they are diagnosed more.
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Worell and Remer (1992)
Men and women are diagnosed in different ways and the bias lies in with the person doing the diagnosing. However, different genders might just act differently women=emotional & men=physical
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Broverman et al (1981)
Asked healthcare professionals to define a 'healthy person', 'healthy male' and a 'healthy female'. The description for person and male were very similar- independent, decisive and assertive whereas female- submissive, dependent and emotional
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Broverman's findings imply...
Diagnosis is unfair against women as mental health is usually based on males and is a very male dominated subject.
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Weissman (1977)
Some evidence for the role of hormones is women's mental health, but it doesn't entirely account for the difference between men and women.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A mental illness where one thinks that the ******* or penis are receding back into the body, and potentially killing them.

Back

Koro disorder (South-east Asia)

Card 3

Front

139 psychiatrists given case study (white or black person), asked what treatments should be given & whether criminal proceedings should take place. More likely to recommend drug treatment and criminal proceedings for black person.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Doesn't provide the race of the psychiatrist & psychiatrists wouldn't usually be asked whether criminal proceedings should take place- lacks ecological validity and mundane realism.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Argues that the actions of an immigrant who is of ethnic minority may be judged as insane by some psychiatrists but could actually be an understandable response to disadvantage and racism e.g. language barriers.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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