Behaviourist Approach

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  • Created by: joshway99
  • Created on: 12-02-16 23:33
Name the three Behaviourist assumptions
Blank Slate, Behaviour Is Learnt Through Conditioning and Humans and Animal Learn In Similar Ways.
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What is Classical Conditioning?
Classical conditioning occurs when an association is made between a previously unlearned response, and a neutral stimulus. If two are paired enough times, eventually the neutral stimulus will produce the unlearned response.
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What is Operant Conditioning?
Operant conditioning involves learning through reinforcement. It is more voluntary than the learning seen in classical conditioning. This is when people behave in a particular way and are rewarded for it, they will repeat it.
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How is a relationship formed through the Behaviourist Approach?
Pet and Owner Relationship Or Romantic Relationship
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What therapy used in the Behaviourist Approach?
Systematic Desensitisation (SD)
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What is the aim of Systematic Desensitisation?
It is to counter condition (unlearn or relearn); the client is taught a new association that runs counter (opposite) to the original association e.g. relaxation instead of the fear.
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What are the main components of Systematic Desensitisation?
Four main steps; fear hierarchy.
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What is extrapolation?
Generalising findings from animals to humans and they don’t learn in the same way
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What are the strengths of the Behaviourist Approach?
Scientific, Focuses on here and no, successful applications e.g. SD
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What are the weaknesses of the Behaviourist Approach?
Nurture, Determinist, More relevant to animals than humans.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is Classical Conditioning?

Back

Classical conditioning occurs when an association is made between a previously unlearned response, and a neutral stimulus. If two are paired enough times, eventually the neutral stimulus will produce the unlearned response.

Card 3

Front

What is Operant Conditioning?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How is a relationship formed through the Behaviourist Approach?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What therapy used in the Behaviourist Approach?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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