behaviourist approach

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  • Created by: Chloakley
  • Created on: 12-01-16 16:53
name 3 assumptions
1.we are all born a blank slate and there is no biological influence. 2.only observable behaviour is measured. 3.basic process for all species therefore its valid to study on animals
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What is classical conditioning?
learning through association , the new association is made between a previous stimulus and a reflex response
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Name the ucs, cur,ns,cr,cs in pavlovs dogs
ucs=food, ucr=dog salivates, ns=bell, cs=bell,cr=salivate
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Why was timing difficult in the experiment
association only occurs if the unconditional stimulus and neutral stimulus are presented at the same time or around the same time. if the time between the two is too great no association will be made.
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What is stimulus generalisation?
once an animal has been conditioned they will respond to other stimuli similar to the original conditional stimulus
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what is stimulus discrimination?
characteristics of conditioned stimulus become to different to be generalised
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what is extinction?
if the bell is repeatedly sounded without the food , the behaviour is extinguished
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what is spontaneous recovery?
response can be extinguished and at a later time the dog will sometimes salivate to the sound of a bell
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What is operant conditioning?
learning through consequences
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what is positive reinforcement
when a reward is given for something then that behaviour is likely to be repeated
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What is punishment?
if punishment occurs after a behaviour this behaviour is less likely to be repeated
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What is negative reinforcement ?
when something unpleasant stops after we perform a desired behaviour then it is more likely to be repeated
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What is shaping?
how specific behaviours are learnt by reinforcement
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How do behaviourist psychologists study behaviour?
they only study what can be observed. they use controlled lab experiments and use animals as subjects.
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Card 2

Front

What is classical conditioning?

Back

learning through association , the new association is made between a previous stimulus and a reflex response

Card 3

Front

Name the ucs, cur,ns,cr,cs in pavlovs dogs

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why was timing difficult in the experiment

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is stimulus generalisation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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