B1b - Human Health and Diet

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  • Created by: Lewisbgbr
  • Created on: 05-04-16 13:06
What are the six essential nutrients needed fir a balanced diet?
Proteins, fats, Carbohydrates, Vitamins, Minerals and water. (Fibre may also be needed)
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What is the function of Carbohydrates?
They provide energy.
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What is the function of Fats?
Fats provide energy but they also act as an energy store and provide insulationWhat
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What is the function of Protein?
The are used for Growth and Repair and can also be used for energy in emergency.
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What function do Vitamins and Minerals have?
Vitamins and minerals have many use inside the body some of which are: Vitamin C is needed to prevent survey and Iron is needed to make haemoglobin in the red blood cells.
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What are Carbohydrates made of and where are they stored?
Carbohydrates are made of Simple sugars such as glucose and is stored in the liver as glycogen or is converted to fats.
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What are Fats made of and where are they stored?
Fats are made of fatty acids and glycerol. They can be stored under the skin and around organs as adipose tissue.
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What are proteins made up of and where are they stored?
Proteins are made of amino acids and are not stored
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What type of amino acids can the body only get externally and where can they be found?
Essential amino acids and they can be found in meats and a wide range of plants
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What factors affect a balanced diet?
Age: Children and teenagers need more protein for growth. Older people need more calcium. Gender: Females need more iron. Physical activity: more protein for muscle development and Carbohydrates for energy.
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Why might some people choose to eat a different balanced diet?
Religion, Personal reason e.g. Vegetarians and medical reasons.
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What is Kwashiorkor?
It is a disease caused by a lack of protein. A key symptom is having a swollen stomach.
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Name two diseases lead to under nutrition?
Anorexia nervosa and Bulimia nervosa.
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How do you calculate Body Mass Index?
Body mass/height squared.
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How do you calculate a persons EAR of protein?
O.6 x body mass (Kg)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the function of Carbohydrates?

Back

They provide energy.

Card 3

Front

What is the function of Fats?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the function of Protein?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What function do Vitamins and Minerals have?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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