B ; cda ; why introduced ; societal views on pros + sex

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what four things did people fear prostitution threatened?
marriage / the home / families / nation
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police statistics estimated there were how many prostitutes in england?
30,000
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real figure as high as?
500,000
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what were many of these women also doing?
struggling to keep additional jobs e.g waitressing / bartending
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what were 40% prostitutes also working as?
domestic servants
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what was the least concerning venereal disease to them?
gonorrhoea
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what did that cause
just some painful inflammation of the urethra, u know the regular
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but what 3 things could syphilis cause if left long enough?
blindness / deafness / insanity
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London Royal Free Hospital found syphilis resp for what % ear/eye ward admissions?
12.5-20%
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what transmission of syphilis was particularly debilitating?
hereditary syphilis
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in civilian pop. hereditary syphilis was big killer in children of which age group?
under 12monts
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what % child admission to RFH had disease?
20%
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with similar estimates in which three cities?
NCL / MCR / BMH
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conservative est. reckoned what % sick poor in ldn had it?
7%
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whta did this data convince british medical and military authorities?
wave degenerative sicness was sweeping nation
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what was prostitution quietly regarded by many as?
social necessity
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however female sexuality was to be understood wholly in regards to what?
reproduction
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where was a woman's place and what was her first priority?
home and a mother
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what were women seen as lacking?
sexual appetite
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and characterised as what type of beings?
spiritual
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in contrast what was male sexuality seen as?
animalistic and savage (god i love double standards
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what was the division between men and women seen as?
natural state
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and these notions were embodied in which law of 1857?
The Matrimonial Causes Act
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specified man could divorce woman on grounds of?
adultery
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however woman also had to show what?
evidence of cruelty / desertion
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why was adultery alone not enough grounds for woman to divorce?
adultery by a man was seen natural
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on practical level what was this emphasis on female fidelity impiortant to ensure?
paternity of any children
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which was essential to question of?
inheritance
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doube standard further enshrined in law allowing men to do what?
use restrain to force wife into sex
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while wife had to do what if husband refused?
get court order
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what was marriage an important mechanism for moderating?
man's sexual activity
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what was the problem for unmarried men?
how to satisfy their apparently biological needs
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what was an important asset in a woman as a prospective wife?
virginity
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and when in life did men usually marry?
later
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so what was the solution?
prostitution
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though immoral, what did medical consensus about fundamental male female sexuality differences make prostitution?
necessary social evil
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however prostitution also created what major challenge?
medical
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JOHN WILLIAM ACTON (********)
SGDFG
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what job gave him his high reputation?
london surgeon
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which organs did he specialise in?
urinary and genital (lovely, not creepy)
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what did he have extensive knowledge of?
vd
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and what was he concerned with?
social issues in prostitution
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so in 1857, when literally nobody asked him to, he published a book about?
prostitution considered in moral social and sanitary aspects
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which had huge impact on?
governments thinking on sexual health
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why did acton believe prostitution was a social necessity?
bc women in marriage only consented to sex for reproduction
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with it's role in armed forces what also made acton think could never be eradicated?
trade's importance for society
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did acton consider prostitution a moral evil?
no
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but what was he concerned created social problem?
the diseases it spread
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acton explained how venereal diseases were a danger to?
pop health and condt armed forces
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what did his bok open up discussions over?
how to deal with venereal infection
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and convinced many within medical profession that what was essential?
government intervention
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in wider context this was at a time when there was immense enthusiasm for?
intervening in the lives of the poor to bring improvements in health
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during 1850s what were there many organisations for?
reform and salvation of prostitutes
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who was this so-called 'christian' work especially popular with?
middle-class women
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however, in 1860 what did acton declare about that?
they failed to prevent prostitution
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and instead called for?
scientific and government intervention
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what was acton confident medical profession had?
tech to solve venereal disease problem
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through what would venereal disease be identified and treated?
regular medical checks of prostitutes
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at same time running through his work was what belief?
state regulation was neccessary to save health of women who wanted to live respectable lives post-prostitution
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what widespread belief did action want to change?
that once woman was prostitute she was on inevitable road to ruin
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what did he believe prostitution usually was for women?
temporary solution
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and means for woman to get through?
economically tough times
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so what was the barrier for her resuming normal life after such work?
venereal infection
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if state protected women's health when prostitutes what could they do?
have chance to reform after life of sin (yeah, **** u too u condescending *************)
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Card 2

Front

police statistics estimated there were how many prostitutes in england?

Back

30,000

Card 3

Front

real figure as high as?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what were many of these women also doing?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what were 40% prostitutes also working as?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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