Attachment Retake

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  • Created by: Ellie
  • Created on: 09-05-15 22:09
What are the important concepts of attachment?
An emotional tie, reciprocal bond, based on interaction and emotional behaviour, involves mutual affection, a desire to maintain proximity, shows distress on separation, resembles imprinting in animals, adaptive, basis for future relationships
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What did Ainsworth's Strange Situation look at?
Separation anxiety, stranger anxiety, reunion behaviour and an infant's willingness to explore
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What were the strengths of Ainsworth's study?
Easily replicated, has practical uses in childcare, had inter-rater reliability
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What did Sroufe find in securely attached children?
Later became more popular/initiative, had a higher self esteem, were less aggressive and became social leaders
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Which country had the highest rate of insecure avoidant children in Van Ijzendoorn and Kroonenberg's study?
West Germany
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What did Rothbaum argue in reference to VI and K's study?
The attachment theory's only relevant to Western cultures
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Which theory does the study of Harlow's monkeys go against?
Learning Theory
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What are the basic ideas of Bowlby's Evolutionary Theory?
Attachments are formed for survival, attachments are innate/biologically programmed
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What does A.S.C.M.I stand for?
Adaptive, social releasers, critical period, monotropy, internal working model
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What approach does Learning Theory follow?
The Behavioural Approach
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What study supports Learning Theory?
Bandura's Bo Bo Doll
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What are the key elements of the effects of disruption of an attachment?
Separation, deprivation, privation, institutionalisation
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What study looked at the short term effects of separation/deprivation?
Robertson and Robertson's study of Baby John
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What does the PDD Model stand for?
Protest, despair and detachment
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What are some examples of effects of long term separation?
Extreme clinginess, detachment and the child might become more demanding
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Explain the Maternal Deprivation Hypothesis
The view that early deprivation has long term consequences for emotional development. Some of the consequences might include delinquency, affectionless psychopathy and reduced intelligence
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When some children never form an attachment, this is known as...
Privation
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What does the case of the Czech twins show us?
Privation can be overcome
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What did Hodges and Tizard conclude from their study?
Being in an institution and experiencing early privation can have a negative effect on the ability to form relationships
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What were the children in O'connor et al's study assessed for?
Intellectual intelligence/functioning
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What are other effects of institutionalisation and privation?
Attachment disorders, poor parenting and deprivation dwarfism
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What factors are involved in overcoming the effects of institutionalisation/privation?
The quality of care within the institution, the age when removed from the institution and the quality of care after privation
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Name the researchers/studies involved in investigating the impact of day care on peer relations
Clarke-Stewart, Belsky and Rovine, EPPE project
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Name the researchers/studies involved in investigating the impact of day care on aggression
NICHD study, Belsky, Shea et al, ALSPAC study
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What are the mediating factors in day care?
Individual differences, the age of the child/no. of hrs spent in day care and the quality of the care
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What factors contribute to high quality day care?
Low child to staff ratio, minimal staff turnover, sensitive emotional care and qualified staff
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Card 2

Front

What did Ainsworth's Strange Situation look at?

Back

Separation anxiety, stranger anxiety, reunion behaviour and an infant's willingness to explore

Card 3

Front

What were the strengths of Ainsworth's study?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Sroufe find in securely attached children?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Which country had the highest rate of insecure avoidant children in Van Ijzendoorn and Kroonenberg's study?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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