Arid environments - Sonoran Desert

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  • Created by: hamishc
  • Created on: 10-04-16 21:40
Whats the desert name?
Sonoran
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Where is it located?
Southern California/ Arizona to Northern Mexico
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What is the first plant?
Saguaro Cactus
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One random characteristic
Grows 15m tall
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Name 3 ways its adapted to arid environments
Stem expands to fill with water, shallow roots absorb water from storms, corrigated stem reduces wind current = less evap loss
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What is the second plant?
Palo Verde
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One random characteristic
Grows on upper slopes
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Name 1 way its adapted to arid environments
Losses leaves in dry season to conserve water yet has green bark to carry out photosynthesis
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What is a phreatophyte?
Arid plants which have root systems used to tap into underground water supplies
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Example of phreatophyte + adaptation
Mesquite bush grows near rivers
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What is a halophyte?
Plant which grows in saline conditions
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Example of halophyte
Pickleweed
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3 soil characteristics
Thin, alkaline, rainfall leaches soluble salt through soil (returning later due to heat)
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Name 2 physical disturbances in the area
1. Overgrazing of cattle which trample compacted soils 2. Cold winters cause frost sensitivity
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Name 2 Human disturbances in the area
1. Expansion of urban areas such a Phoenix increases demand for water = water abstraction 2. Introduction of non-native plants causes competition for resources like water
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Where is it located?

Back

Southern California/ Arizona to Northern Mexico

Card 3

Front

What is the first plant?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

One random characteristic

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Name 3 ways its adapted to arid environments

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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