AQA PSYA3 - Relationships

HideShow resource information
Griffit and Guay (1969)
Evaluated participants on a creative task. If evaluation was positive, participants felt more positive towards a non-involved bystander.
1 of 18
May and Hamilton (1980)
Females rated photos of males as more attractive when pleasant rather than unpleasant music was played.
2 of 18
Dunbar (1995)
Analysed 900 personal advertisements from US newspapers - ~40% of males sought youthfulness, compared to ~20% of females. Opposite percentages found for attractiveness.
3 of 18
Rusbault (1983)
Found costs and rewards of relationships compared to costs and rewards of alternative relationships.
4 of 18
Yum et al (2009)
Looked at hetero relationships in 6 different cultures, finding those in perceived equitable relationships engaged in most maintenance strategies, followed by those over-benefitting.
5 of 18
Dainton (2003)
Studied 219 individuals in romantic relationships, finding those with perceived inequity had low relationship satisfaction and were motivated to return to an equitable state.
6 of 18
Tashiro and Frazier (2003)
Surveyed undergraduates who had recently broken up with their romantic partner - typically reported emotional distress and personal growth.
7 of 18
Lee (1984)
Led to creation of breakdown model - surveyed 112 break-ups of non-marital romantic relationships. Found those with less intimate relationships ignored other stages, and exposure/negotiation stages most emotionally exhausting.
8 of 18
Cartwright (2000)
Found women with symmetrical breasts are more fertile than asymmetrically breasted women.
9 of 18
Buss (1989)
Tested participants from 37 cultures - found males prefer young, physically attractive women, while females prefer resource-rich, ambitious, industrious males.
10 of 18
Gross and Shine (1981)
86% of internal fertilisation care is carried out by females, compared to only 30% of external fertilisation care.
11 of 18
Daly and Wilson (1988)
Pointed out that children under age of 2 are 60 times more likely to be killed by a step-parent than by natural parents.
12 of 18
Levine et al (1995)
Looked at love as basis of marriage in 11 countries. Found only 14% of US respondents would marry someone they didn't love, compared to 24% in India and 34% in Thailand.
13 of 18
Gupta and Singh (1952)
Looked at arranged and non-arranged marriages in India - found initially love was high in non-arranged marriages and declined after a few years. Opposite true of arranged marriages.
14 of 18
Kirkpatrick and Davis (1994)
Followed sample of over 300 dating couples for 3 years - secure males and females were most likely to have stable and satisfying relationship.
15 of 18
Berenson and Andersen (2006)
Found adult women who had been abused in childhood later displayed negative reactions towards other people that reminded them of their abuser (e.g. expectations of rejection).
16 of 18
Madsen (2001)
Tested effects of dating behaviour in adolescents on their relationships as young adults - moderate/low dating frequency led to high quality relationships and vice versa.
17 of 18
Bagwell et al (1996)
Found poor-quality friendships linked with low self-esteem and vice versa; self-esteem important in establishing successful romantic relationships.
18 of 18

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Females rated photos of males as more attractive when pleasant rather than unpleasant music was played.

Back

May and Hamilton (1980)

Card 3

Front

Analysed 900 personal advertisements from US newspapers - ~40% of males sought youthfulness, compared to ~20% of females. Opposite percentages found for attractiveness.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Found costs and rewards of relationships compared to costs and rewards of alternative relationships.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Looked at hetero relationships in 6 different cultures, finding those in perceived equitable relationships engaged in most maintenance strategies, followed by those over-benefitting.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Relationships resources »