Applications of reproduction and genetics definitions

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Clone
A group of identically identical organisms formed from a single parent as a result of asexual reproduction or by artificial means
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In vitro fertilisation
A technique which involves mixing the egg and sperm in a dish where fertilisation takes place.
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Stem cell
An undifferentiated cell capable of dividing to give rise to cells which can develop into different types of specialised cells
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Totipotent
Cell which can mature into any body cell
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Meristems
Growing points where cells divide rapidly by mitosis
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Gene probe
Short piece of DNA the sequences of which are complementary to the mutated sequences.
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Liposome
Minute spheres of lipid molecules, capable of carrying DNA inside them
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Restriction enzyme
Enzyme which cuts DNA molecules between specific base sequences
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Sticky ends
Two ends of the foreign DNA segment. They have a short row of unpaired bases at the two ends of the opened-up plasmid DNA sample
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Reverse transcriptase
Enzyme used to synthesise DNA from mRNA in specific cells
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Intron
Portion of DNA within a gene that does not code for a polypeptide
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Plasmid
A loop of DNA found in bacteria. The plasmid is known as a vector
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DNA ligase
Enzyme which joins together portions of DNA
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Recombinant DNA
DNA which results from the combination of fragments from two different organisms
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Transgenic
An organism that has had its genotype altered producing a new strain of organism. Also known as genetically modified organisms
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Electrophoresis
Exposing the fragment of DNA to an electric current in a gel trough
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Primer
Short of sequence of nucleotides
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Card 2

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A technique which involves mixing the egg and sperm in a dish where fertilisation takes place.

Back

In vitro fertilisation

Card 3

Front

An undifferentiated cell capable of dividing to give rise to cells which can develop into different types of specialised cells

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Cell which can mature into any body cell

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Growing points where cells divide rapidly by mitosis

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Preview of the back of card 5
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