Antiseptics

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: GraceLong
  • Created on: 18-06-16 16:52
Before the introduction of antiseptics, why did surgeons still not wash their hands or change their coats?
Because they didn't know the cause of infection and therefore didn't know how to prevent it
1 of 12
Who discovered carbolic spray could prevent infection?
Joseph Lister
2 of 12
Which theory did Lister use to develop carbolic spray?
Louis Pasteurs germ theory
3 of 12
Where did Lister get the idea of carbolic spray from?
The use of carbolic spray on sewage to stop the smell and destroy the parasites
4 of 12
Which type of problems did Lister first test carbolic spray on? And how?
He tested the spray on compound fractures (when bones broke through the skin) and covered bandages in the acid
5 of 12
What did Lister find when he covered bandages in carbolic acid?
Wounds would heal and not develop infection
6 of 12
How much did the death rate decrease by between 1864-1866 and 1867-1870?
Between 1864-1866, the death rate was 46%; between 1867-1870, the death rate was 15%
7 of 12
How did Lister work to improve his methods? [three ways]
Handwashing in carbolic before operations; using carbolic spray in air around operating table; an antiseptic ligature to tie up blood vessels and prevent blood loss
8 of 12
What did the carbolic spray do to surgeons and the operating theatre?
It cracked surgeons skin and made everything small
9 of 12
Why did some surgeons not accept Listers carbolic antiseptic?
They believed speed was essential; some didn't achieve the same results; people didn't believe there was a sure for infection; Lister changed his technique which made critics question the carbolic
10 of 12
What were the downsides to Listers personality which affected peoples opinion of the antiseptic?
Lister was not a showman and he appeared cold and arrogant so many surgeons didn't listen to him
11 of 12
How else did Lister influence cleanliness of sugery?
Operating theatres were vigorously cleaned; instruments were sterilised; surgeons wore surgical gowns; rubber gloves began to be used
12 of 12

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Who discovered carbolic spray could prevent infection?

Back

Joseph Lister

Card 3

Front

Which theory did Lister use to develop carbolic spray?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Where did Lister get the idea of carbolic spray from?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Which type of problems did Lister first test carbolic spray on? And how?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all The transformation of surgery resources »