Anglo-Dutch Commercial Rivalry

What was the goal of the Navigation Acts?
To counter the threat of the Dutch, who had a monopoly on European shipping trade.
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Why were the profits of the Dutch United East India Company higher than those of the East India company?
1) Dutch Company had closer ties with their own government, who could provide investment and capital assistance. 2) More shareholders who expected dividends to be paid annually; increased effeciency.
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How many English ships did the Dutch seize between 1617 and 1619?
4
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What did Charles decide in 1635?
To make an exclusive claim to the seas around Britain; demanding that all vessels make a salute to English ships in the English Channel and the North Sea.
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What characterised the Anglo-Dutch rivalry?
1) English capture of New Amsterdam in 1664 (renamed New York). 2) finishing process of the cloth trade; Holland usually profited more because they finished the cloth and sold to the continent.
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What caused the First Anglo-Dutch war in July 1652?
The refusal of a Dutch ship to salute and English ship; after Charles' decision in 1635.
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How did the Navigation Acts intensify tensions between the English and the Dutch?
Strengthened the British economy by excluding the Dutch from trade.
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What was the Treaty of Westminster in 1654?
Ended the First Anglo-Dutch War, at Oliver Cromwell's bequest.
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How did Charles II further insult the Dutch?
He demanded that Dutch ships did not fish within 10 miles of the British coast.
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What did Charles issue in 1663?
The Royal Charter, giving the Royal African Company a monopoly over West African trade. The Dutch had previously laid claim to the region.
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What was the catalyst for the Second Anglo-Dutch War?
An English captain seized several Dutch colonies in Africa in 1664. The Dutch then destroyed a number of English ships off the coast of Africa. War was declared in January 1665.
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Why were the English humiliated?
Disadvantaged by the effects of the Plague and the Great Fire of London, England were unable to prevent the Dutch sailing up the Thames and capturing the 'Royal Charles'.
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What were the conditions of the Dutch victory?
Relaxation of the Navigation Acts, which had a profound effect on the City of London, as merchants found it difficult to insure their voyages.
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What was the effect of the Treaty of Dover in 1670?
English entered a partnership with the French; an offensive against the Dutch.
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When did the Third Anglo-Dutch War break out?
1672; Charles hated Dutch Republicanism and wanted international trade to favour the English.
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What was the effect of the Anglo-Dutch Rivalry on the British economy?
In peacetime, the British had an advantage in international trade. In wartime, the economy came to a standstill.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why were the profits of the Dutch United East India Company higher than those of the East India company?

Back

1) Dutch Company had closer ties with their own government, who could provide investment and capital assistance. 2) More shareholders who expected dividends to be paid annually; increased effeciency.

Card 3

Front

How many English ships did the Dutch seize between 1617 and 1619?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Charles decide in 1635?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What characterised the Anglo-Dutch rivalry?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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