An Elected Second Chamber?

How will an ESC have Democratic Legitmacy?
It will be based on popular consent delivered through competitive elections.
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Is the House of Lords elected?
No
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What do appointed members have which elected members might not?
Specialist Knowledge and Descriptive Representation
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How could the ESC widen the basis for representation?
Through use of different electoral systems, terms, dates and constituencies.
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What does Specialist Knowledge mean?
Experience and Expertise in a certain field.
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What does Descriptive Representation mean?
A structured appointment process that takes into account the group/society being represented.
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What is the House of Lords current role in Legislation?
Revising and 'cleaning up' bills.
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What would popular authority encourage an ESC to do in legislation?
Have a great role in legislative oversight and scrutiny
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What is Bicameralism?
The theory or practice of breaking up legislative power through the creation of two chambers.
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What is Full Bicameralism?
When there are two co-equal legislative chambers, each able to check the other.
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How does the executive dominate Parliament?
Through its majority of control of the Commons.
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What is the only way to properly check governmental power?
Through a democratic or more powerful second chamber.
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Why is gridlock more likely with two elected chambers?
Two elected chambers could lead to institutionalised rivalry between the chambers, and between Parliament and the Excecutive.
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When is gridlock most likely between two elected chambers?
If they are elected at different times using different electoral systems.
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What is the advantage of having two chambers?
They can carry out different roles and functions.
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Why does an appointed chamber have less partisanship?
The peers will be more likely to think for themselves.
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Name a hereditary peer.
Countess of Mar
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Name a Lord Spiritual
Archbishop of Canterbury
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Name a life peer
Baroness Pitkeathly
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What is Partial Bicameralism?
When there are two legislative chambers but they are unequal.
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What can cause Partial Bicameralism
One chamber has restricted popular authority; or has reduced legislative powers.
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Why was/is reform needed in the House of Lords.
They showed a consistent and strong bias towards the conservatives, and the majority of peers were there on the basis of heridity.
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What has traditionally been major obstacles against reform of the House of Lords?
The Conservatives and the Lords themselves.
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When did a phased process of reform begin?
1999
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What was Stage 1 of the House of Lords reform?
The removal of Hereditary peers
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What was Stage 2 of the House of Lords reform?
The replacement of the House of Lords with a revised second chamber
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What did the Wakeham Commision Recommend in 2000?
A largely appointed second chamber with a few elected peers.
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What were Nick Cleggs Cross party commitees proposals in 2011?
300 members, 80% elected by STV with a single 15 year term.
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Why was the House of Lords Reform Bill 2012 abandoned by the Government on 6 August 2012
Opposition from within the Conservative Party
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Is the House of Lords elected?

Back

No

Card 3

Front

What do appointed members have which elected members might not?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How could the ESC widen the basis for representation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What does Specialist Knowledge mean?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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