American History (DL) Chapter 1

First successful British colony?
Virginia. Founded in 1607
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Colonial division
New England (North) - New Hampshire, Massachusetts. Middle - New York, New Jersey. Southern - Maryland, Virginia - predominantly agricultural due to climate
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Population Growth 1700 - 1770
1700 - 250,00 1770 - 2,000,000
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Reasons for population growth
Higher birth rate, lower death rate and migration
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Colonial Government - Colonial Assemblies
Upper House (normally appointed by Governor), chosen from colonial elite. Lower Houses were elected. Could be summoned/dismissed by governor and decisions could be veoted
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Colonial Economic Growth
Expanding inter-colonial trade, increased trade with Britain and its empire. Availability of credit and capital from Britain. The rapid increase in population. Availability of new land.Increasing diversification (development of textiles shipbuilding)
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Mercantilism
European govts. believed in a policy of mercantilism and self-sufficiency. Mercantilists believed that the colonies were there to supply raw materials, buy manufactured goods and to provide employment
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Woolen Act (1699)
Forbade the export of woolen yarn and cloth outside the colony in which it was produced
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Hat Act (1732)
Prohibited the export of colonial beaver hats
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Iron Act (1750)
Banned the export of colonial iron outside of Europe
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Britain by 1763
Modern, with strong economic growth, political maturity and imperial strength
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Economic Situation (63)
Rising population, with 7,500,000 people in 1760. Birmingham and Manchester grew rapidly. London had 700,000 residents. World's biggest city. Britain was also worlds greatest trading nation
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Colonial division

Back

New England (North) - New Hampshire, Massachusetts. Middle - New York, New Jersey. Southern - Maryland, Virginia - predominantly agricultural due to climate

Card 3

Front

Population Growth 1700 - 1770

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Reasons for population growth

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Colonial Government - Colonial Assemblies

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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