All Blues

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When was this piece released?
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Was it improvised or notated?
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Describe the instrumentation.
Trumpet (Miles Davis), alto saxophone (Cannonball Adderley), tenor saxophone (John Coltrane), Bass (Paul Chambers), Piano (Bill Evans) and drums.
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What is the genre of this piece?
Jazz but with blues style.
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In which ways has the genre of blues influenced this music?
The 12 bar blues structure, the blues scale, the instrumentation.
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What mode/key is this music in?
Mixolydian Mode (G to G).
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Describe the chords in this piece.
G7 | G7 | G7 | G7 | Gm7 | Gm7 | G7 | G7 | D7#9 | Eb7#9 D7#9 | G7 | G7|
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Which instruments play at the beginning?
Drums with brushes, bass, piano with saxophones at bar 5.
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Describe the dynamics at the beginning.
They begin quietly with a breathy tone in the saxophones.
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What is the texture of 'All Blues'?
Melody Dominated Homophony.
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What is the tempo of this piece?
Crotchet = 156 but sounds like Dotted Minim = 52.
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Describe the tone of the original melody.
It has a vulnerable tone due to being muted.
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Describe the original melody.
It is based on a simple motif - a leap of a major 6th with the long high note slightly ornamented with a mordent.
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Describe the structure of the piece.
There is an intro with heads 1 and 2, with trumpet, alto sax, tenor sax and piano solos (all with links in between) before heads 3 and 4 and an outro. The whole piece uses the 12 bar blues structure.
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What is a head?
A verse.
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Describe the rhythms used in 'All Blues.'
The rhythms are swung and lilting with a lot of syncopation and cross rhythms.
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In what order are the solos played?
Trumpet, alto sax, tenor sax, piano.
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Describe Davis' solo.
(the trumpet solo) - without mutes, four choruses long and it is uses the mixolydian mode and a diminished scale over the G7 and C7 chords.
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Describe the accompaniment to the trumpet solo.
The piano comps underneath the solo and the drums play a highly syncopated cymbal and snare rhythm.
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Describe Adderley's solo.
(alto sax solo) - 4 choruses long, a more angular solo with more leaps and shorter rhythms. There are more chromatic notes and it is very accented on the beats. There are bursts of quick notes and a thick tone.
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Describe Coltrane's solo.
(tenor sax solo) - four choruses long, there is almost no vibrato, a simple first chorus exploring the mode, a more complex second chorus developing rhythms and fast rhythms in choruses 3 and 4 with long phrases also.
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Describe Evans' solo.
(piano solo) - two choruses long, continued intricate comping in the left hand with the melody line provided by the right hand in the first chorus. In the second chorus it becomes more chordal with alternate motion to add variation.
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What is comping?
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Card 2


Was it improvised or notated?



Card 3


Describe the instrumentation.


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Card 4


What is the genre of this piece?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


In which ways has the genre of blues influenced this music?


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