all pe

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aerobic
'with oxygen', if exercise is not too fast and is steady, the heart can supply all the oxygen muscles need
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diuretics
drugs that elevate the rate of bodily urine excretion
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methods of training
interval training, continous training, circuit training, weight training, farlek training and cross training
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protocol
the procedure for carrying out a test
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agility
the ability to change the position of the body quickly and to control the movement of the whole body
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ectomorph
a somatotype; individuals with narrow shoulders and narrow hips, characterised by thinness
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muscular endurance
the ability to use voluntary muscles many times without getting tired
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reaction time
the time between the presentation of a stimulus and onset of a movement
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anabolic steroids
drugs that mimic the male sex hormone testosterone and promote bone and muscle growth
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endomorph
a somatotype; individuals with wide hips and narrow shoulders, characterised by fatness
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muscular strength
the amount of force a muscle can exert against a resistance
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reversibility
any adaptation that takes place as a consequence of training will be reversed when you stop training
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anaerobic
'without oxygen', if exercise is done in short, fast bursts, the heart can not supply blood and oxygen to muscles as fast as cells use them
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erythropoietin
a type of peptide hormone that increases the red blood cell count
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narcotic analgesics
drugs that can be used to reduce the feeling of pain
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recovery
the time required for the repair of damage to the body caused by training or competition
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anorexic
pertaining to anorexia- a prolonged eating disorder due to loss of appetite
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exercise
a form of physical activity done to maintain or improve heath and/or physical fitness, it is not a competitive sport
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obese
a term used to describe people who are very overfat
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rest
the period of time allotted to recovery
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balance
the ability to retain the body's centre of mass (gravity) above the base of support with reference to static, or dynamic conditions of movement, shape and orientation
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fitness
the ability to meet demands of the enviroment
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overfat
a way of saying you have more body fat than you shoould have
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RICE
rest, ice, compression, elevation (a method of treating injuries)
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balanced diet
a diet that contains an optimal ratio of nutrients
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FITT
frequency, intensity, time, type (used to increase the amount of work the body does, in order to achieve overload)
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overload
fitness can only be improved through training more than you normally do
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self-esteem
respect for, or a favourable opinion of, oneself
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beta blockers
drugs that are used to control heart rate and that have a calming and relaxing effect
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flexibility
the range of movement possible at a joint
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overweight
having weight in excess of normal (not harmful unless accompanied by overfatness)
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SMART
specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, time-bound
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blood pressure
the force exerted by circulating blood on the walls of the blood vessels
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health
a state of complete mental, physical and social wellbeing, and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity
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oxygen debt
the amount of oxygen consumed during recovery above that which would have ordinarily been consumed in the same time at rest (this results in a shortfall in the oxygen available)
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somatotype
classification of body type
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body composition
the percentage of body weight that is fat, muscle and bone
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healthy, active lifestyle
a lifestyle that contributes positively to physical, mental and social wellbeing, and which includes regular exercise and physical activity
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PAR-Q
physical activity readiness questionnaire
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specificity
matching training to the requirements of an activity
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cardiac output
the amount of blood ejected from the heart in one minute
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heart rate
the number of times the heart beats per minute
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PEP
personal exercise programme
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speed
the differential rate at which an individual is able to perform a movement or cover a distance in a period of time
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cardiovascular fitness
the ability to exercise the entire body for long periods of time
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individual differences/needs
matching training to the requirements of an individual
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peptide hormones
drugs that cause the production of other hormones
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stimulants
drugs that have an effect on the central nervous system, such as increased mental and/or physical alertness
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competence
the readiness of the body and mind to cope with the activity. it requires an understanding of how these combine to produce effective performances in different activities and contexts
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isometric contractions
muscle contraction, which results in increased tension but the length does not alter, for example, when pressing aginst a stationary object
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performance
how well a task is completed
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stroke volume
the volume of blood pumped out of the heart by each ventricle during one contraction
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coordination
the ability to use two or more body parts together
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isotonic contraction
muscle contraction that results in limb movement
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physical activity
any form of exercise or movement; physical activity may be planned and structured or unplanned and unstructured (in pe we are concerned with planned and structured physical activity, such as fitness class)
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target zone
the range within which an individual needs to work for aerobic training to take place (60-80 percent of maximum heart rate)
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joint
a place where two or more bones meet
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power
the ability to do strength performances quickly (power = stregth x speed)
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training
a well-planned programme which uses scientific principles to improve performance, skill, game ability and motor and physical fitness
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mesomorph
a somatotype; individuals with wide shoulders and narrow hips, characterised by muscularity
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progressive overload
to gradually increase the amount of overload so that fitness gains occur, but without potential for injury,
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training thresholds
the boundaries of the target zone
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underweight
weighing less than normal, healthy or required
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

drugs that elevate the rate of bodily urine excretion

Back

diuretics

Card 3

Front

interval training, continous training, circuit training, weight training, farlek training and cross training

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

the procedure for carrying out a test

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

the ability to change the position of the body quickly and to control the movement of the whole body

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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