1. What did Gillis and Nafekh find?
- 70% of the employed group stayed out of prison, 55% of the unemployed group stayed out of prison
- Characteristics of suicide included: longer sentence, violen/sexual offences committed, history of psychiatric contact and previous self-harm. Motivations of suicide included: 40% to intolerable situations, guilt for the offence and mental disorders.
- The guards had negative views of the prisoners and vice versa. Prisoners had to leave early due to extreme depression and crying. The experiment ended after 6 days due to the awareness of ethical issues.
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2. What did Mair and May find?
- 88% found probation useful. Over 60% felti t helped with problems. 37% said it would stop re offending altogether.
- There was a significant decrease in recidivism in those who committed violent and property crimes. However, it only works for those offenders who have more personal victims.
- Those with 'stereotypical black features' had a 57.5% chance of being given the death penalty.
3. Who researched the effect of restorative justice?
- Sherman & Strang
- Mair & May
4. Who researched the effect of depression and suicide?
- Gillis & Nafekh
5. What did Wheately find?
- There was general health improvements, better sleep and reduced craving for the offenders. The symptoms increased by 15% for drug users.
- 92% of the offenders improved on one measure. 48% improved on two measures.
- Those who completed the cognitive skills programme: 18% re-convicted after one year and 15% re-convicted after two years.