A2 Biology - Respiration

HideShow resource information
When ATP is hydrolysed to ADP, how much energy is released per mole?
30.6 kj
1 of 20
What does the structure of ATP consist of?
3 phosphates, a pentose sugar (ribose), Adenosine (nitrogenous base)
2 of 20
The 4 stages of respiration?
Glycolysis, the Link Reaction, Krebs Cycle, ETC
3 of 20
Which organelle does respiration occur in (aside from glycolysis)?
Mitochondria
4 of 20
Where does Glycolysis occur?
The cytoplasm of the cell
5 of 20
What structure do the cristae have that have ATP synthase attached?
Stalked Particles
6 of 20
What does Glycolysis do?
Splits glucose to make pyruvates
7 of 20
What is the net gain of ATP in glycolysis?
2
8 of 20
Where does the link reaction occur?
The matrix of the mitochondria
9 of 20
Where does the Krebs Cycle occur?
The matrix of the mitochondria
10 of 20
Where does the ETC occur?
The cristae
11 of 20
What is NAD?
A co-enzyme that picks up hydrogen atoms released and becomes reduced NAD when it has gaines H+ (NADH+)
12 of 20
Which enzymes are used in the Link Reaction and what do they do?
Dehydrogenase - removes hydrogen atoms and adds them to NAD Decarboxylase - removes carbon dioxide
13 of 20
How do the pyruvates enter the mitochondria?
Via active transport requiring ATP
14 of 20
What is the Carbon Acetate produced in the link reaction carried on to the Krebs cycle?
Co-enzyme A, making the compound Acetyl Coenzyme A
15 of 20
Purpose of the Krebs Cycle?
Carbon dioxide is lost and hydrogens donated to NAD and FAD, which supplies hydrogen to the ETC
16 of 20
What is ATP used for?
Active transport, exocytosis, anabolism, DNA replication, movement of flagellum
17 of 20
Anaerobic respiration
Without oxygen
18 of 20
In respiration what is oxygen required for?
The ETC as the final electron acceptor
19 of 20
Without oxygen, what stages of respiration stop?
ETC, Krebs Cycle and the Link Reaction
20 of 20

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What does the structure of ATP consist of?

Back

3 phosphates, a pentose sugar (ribose), Adenosine (nitrogenous base)

Card 3

Front

The 4 stages of respiration?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Which organelle does respiration occur in (aside from glycolysis)?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Where does Glycolysis occur?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Biology resources:

See all Biology resources »See all Cellular processes resources »