A03 Questions for Hannibal, Cleopatra and Alexander The Great

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  • Created by: Plusle
  • Created on: 13-04-14 12:52
When did Arrian live? (unreliable)
He lived in AD 86-160 which was over 400 years after Alexander
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How did Arrian view Alexander? (unreliable)
He was favourable to Alexander and presents him in a positive light which could mean he idolises Alexander
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How reliable is Arrian? (unreliable)
He’s only reliable as the sources he used
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Was Arrian reliable on battles? (reliable)
He had an active military career and wrote a book on military tactics
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What sources did Arrian use? (reliable)
He had access to contemporary sources such as Ptolemy and Aristobulus
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How detailed was his history? (reliable)
His history was very detailed
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How motivated was Arrian with his work? (reliable)
He was motivated, even obsessed with his work
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What heritage did he have? (reliable)
He had Greek heritage
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About how old was Arrian when he wrote about Alexander? (reliable)
Wrote in his 60s so he was experienced and reflective
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Who did Arrian write about?
Alexander
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Who were sources for Alexander?
Arrian, Plutarch
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Who were sources for Hannibal?
Plutarch, Polybius, Livy
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Who were sources for Cleopatra?
Plutarch, Suetonius, Virgil, Horace, Sextus Propertius, Velleius Paterculus
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When was Plutarch born? (unreliable)
He was born AD 46 so he lived long after the events he wrote about
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What did Plutarch restrict himself on? (unreliable)
He restricts himself to events that reflect upon the subject of the biography
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What did Plutarch sometimes emphasize more than events?
Sometimes emphasises stories rather than great events at the time
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What was wrong with Plutarch's quotes? (unreliable)
He tweaked quotes to meet his need
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What were the intentions of Plutarch? (reliable)
His intentions were good since he wanted to explore the characters of famous men to provide lessons for the future
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How did Plutarch tell the story? (reliable)
He tells the story chronologically so it’s clear and simple to follow
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How experienced was Plutarch? (reliable)
He was an experienced writer
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Did Plutarch use a lot of sources? (reliable)
He used a wide range of sources available
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How was Plutarch's awareness of sources? (reliable)
He was aware that some of his sources were unreliable
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Was Polybius bias? (unreliable)
He was biased for the Romans
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What hypocritical thing did Polybius do? (unreliable)
He sometimes made up speeches even though he criticized them himself
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How did Polybius have more accurate sources? (reliable)
He was able to interview people who were present at the events that he wrote about
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Was Polybius at some of the events he wrote about? (reliable)
He was an eyewitness to some of the events he wrote about
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What kind of writers did Polybius use in his work about Hannibal? (reliable)
He used writers who were alive during the Hannibalic war in his work
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What did Polybius seek for in his work? (reliable)
He sought for the truth and believed that historians are supposed to write about what actually happened and not sensationalise events
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Where did Polybius visit? (reliable)
He visited the places he wrote about
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What conditions did Livy write his history under? (unreliable)
He wrote his history under the patronage of Augustus
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What purpose did Livy write for? (unreliable)
He wrote to entertain
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What was Livy inexperienced in? (unreliable)
He wasn’t experienced in war or politics
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What did Livy never do? (unreliable)
He never visited the places he wrote about
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Was Livy ever bias? (unreliable)
Perhaps bias for the Romans and exaggerated their glory when he could
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How original was Livy in his work? (unreliable)
He did not original research, he only copied other sources
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How did Livy choose his sources? (unreliable)
He chose his sources according to how “Roman” or exciting they were, not for validity
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In what instances was Livy accurate in his work? (reliable)
He was accurate where his sources were accurate
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When was Suetonius born? (unreliable)
He was born AD 69 so he lived long after the events he wrote about
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How chronological was Suetonius in his work? (unreliable)
He doesn’t always give us a chronological order to his biography
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How reliable was Suetonius? (unreliable)
Only as reliable as his sources (which were VERY unreliable)
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What did Suetonius focus on instead of explanation? (unreliable)
Focussed on character not explanation
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What did Suetonius focus on instead of events? (unreliable)
Focussed on the personalities not the events
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How did Suetonius judge his sources? (unreliable)
Rarely named and made little attempt to judge sources (just conveyed their content accurately)
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How many sources did Suetonius have and why? (reliable)
He was the secretary to Emperor Hadrian so had far many more resources than any other writers
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What is good about Suetonius' judgement? (reliable)
He tells his stories without much critical judgement
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When was Virgil born? (unreliable)
Born a long time after the events 70BC
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What did Virgil benefit from? (unreliable)
He wrote Augustan propaganda because he benefited from the patronage of Augustus
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How did Virgil present Cleopatra? (unreliable)
Presented Cleopatra as a “doomed, destructive monster” which contradicts some other sources
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What gave Virgil a good reputation? (reliable)
He was famous for writing his epic poem “The Aeneid”
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When was Horace born? (unreliable)
Born a long time after the events 65BC
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Who did Horace (and Virgil) associate with? (unreliable)
Associated in Augustus’ circle of writers and benefited from the patronage with Augustus and to some extent repaid the favour
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How did Horace present Augustus? (unreliable)
He presents Augustus as a God so he may have exaggerated a lot in his work
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What relationship did Horace have with Augustus? (unreliable)
He was one of Augustus’ best friends
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When was Sextus Propertius born? (unreliable)
Born a long time after the events 50BC
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What view did Sextus Propertius provide at Actium? (unreliable)
Provides favourable view of Augustus at Actium
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How reliable is Sextus Propertius? (unreliable)
Only as reliable as his sources
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Why might Sextus Propertius not be as experienced? (unreliable)
Wrote mostly love elegies so may not be very experience with war
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Why might Sextus Propertius be more reliable than Horace and Virgil? (reliable)
He didn’t have a patronage with Augustus, unlike Virgil and Horace
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When was Velleius Paterculus born? (unreliable)
Born a long time after the events he wrote about either 19 or 20BC
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What was wrong with Velleius Paterculus' work? (unreliable)
His work was more of a summary than fully researched so it contains less detail
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What view did Velleius Paterculus give of the battle of Actium? (unreliable)
His comment of Actium was biased
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What did Velleius Paterculus claim? (unreliable)
He claimed Octavian never executed anyone but Octavian had executed Cleopatra’s son
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How critical was Velleius Paterculus? (reliable)
He was uncritical of Augustus or Tiberius
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What did Velleius Paterculus have access to? (reliable)
He had access to many sources we don’t have today
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How did Arrian view Alexander? (unreliable)

Back

He was favourable to Alexander and presents him in a positive light which could mean he idolises Alexander

Card 3

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How reliable is Arrian? (unreliable)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Was Arrian reliable on battles? (reliable)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What sources did Arrian use? (reliable)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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Comments

devinter

Great revision thank you

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