Health and Human Development

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  • Created by: Tegan :)
  • Created on: 24-10-12 23:34
Health
A complete state of physical, social and mental wellbeing, and not merely the absence of disease or imfirmity
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Health Status
An individual or population’s overall level of health, taking into account various factors such as life expectancy, amount of disability and level of disease risk factors.
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Physical Health
Relates to how efficiently the body and its systems function and includes the physical capacity to perform tasks and physical fitness.
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Social Health
The ability to interact with others and participate in the community in both an independent and cooperative way.
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Mental Health
A state of wellbeing where the individual realises their own abilities, can cope with the stresses of life, work productively and is able to make a contribution to their community.
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Life Expectancy
An indication of how long a person can expect to live. That is, the number of years of life remaining for a person of a particular age if death rates do not change
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Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs)
One DALY equals one year of healthy life lost due to premature death (YLL) and time lived with illness, injury or disease (YLD). (YLL +YLD =DALY) Note: They are a measure of burden of disease.
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Health Adjusted Life Years (HALE)
A measure of burden of disease based on life expectancy at birth and includes an adjustment for the times of ill health. That is, the number of years of full health that someone can expect to live based on current rates of morbidity and mortality.
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Mortality
The rate of deaths during a specified time.
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Morbidity
ill health in an individual and the levels of ill health in a population.
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Incidence
The number of new cases of an illness present in a population during a period of time.
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Prevalence
The number of cases of a disease or condition present in a population at a given time.
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Sustainability
Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
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Human Development Index (HDI)
A measurement of human development that combines indicators of life expectancy, expected years of schooling, mean years of schooling and income (Gross national income). the HDI provides a single statistic that can be used in social and economic terms
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Globalization
The process where boundaries between countries are reduced or eliminated allowing individuals, groups and companies act on a global scale. It can be described as transforming the different societies of the world into a global society.
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Burden of Disease
: A measure of the impact of diseases and injuries, particularly the gap between current health status and an ideal situation where everyone lives to an old age, free of disease and disability.
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Glycaemic Index
he ranking of carbohydrates in regards as to how they affect blood sugar levels and are ranked on a scale of 1 to 100 with 100 being the highest GI.
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Medicare
Australias universal health care system that aims to improve the access to health care for all Australians and to provide adequate health care at little or no cost to all Australians regardless of their circumstances
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Biomedical Model of Health
Focuses on the physical and biomedical aspects of disease and is practiced by health professionals ad relates to the diagnosis, treatment and cure of diseases
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Direct Costs
The costs which are associated with diagnosis and treatment to an individual (usually monetary)
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Indirect Costs
Not directly related to the diagnosis or treatment of the illness but as a result of having the illness and can relate to the individual, families or the community (eg. Loss of an income, social payments (affect community))
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Intangible Costs
Not monetary figure costs but relate to loss of quality of life (eg. Social and emotional costs such as stress and lower self-esteem)
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Under 5 Mortality Rate (U5MR)
Refers to the number of deaths occurring in a given population of under-5 children during a specified time period, usually given per 1000 live births.
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Infant Mortality Rate
measures the number of deaths of children under 1 year of age per 1000 live births.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

An individual or population’s overall level of health, taking into account various factors such as life expectancy, amount of disability and level of disease risk factors.

Back

Health Status

Card 3

Front

Relates to how efficiently the body and its systems function and includes the physical capacity to perform tasks and physical fitness.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The ability to interact with others and participate in the community in both an independent and cooperative way.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A state of wellbeing where the individual realises their own abilities, can cope with the stresses of life, work productively and is able to make a contribution to their community.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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