First Relationship

  • Created by: karen
  • Created on: 05-10-12 18:39
Introduce First Relationships: 2 points & 2 theorists
1. Babies depend on others for survival - not only for physical needs, but relationship needs too. RUTTER notes that orphanage raised children where only physical care was given & children still failed to thrive. 2. Babies desire 'relatedness' HOBSON
1 of 15
Meshing: What is it? Name theorist
Meshing is how an infant's and adult's behaviour 'fits in' with each other. Cans ee meshing in context of conversation eg turn-taking, mutual action, synchronizing. 'Co-regulation' ~ TREVARTHEN
2 of 15
Meshing: Research example
Research: turn-taking & face-to-face interactions by KAYE & FOGEL. Examined the development of interactions between 52 mothers and infants (at ages 6, 13, 26 weeks). Babies greetings, 2 categories 'reactive' and 'proactive'.
3 of 15
Imitation: Explain
Imitation used as building blocks for pseudo-dialogues reather than as an indication of cognition.
4 of 15
Imitation; Research example
Research: longitudinal study of 'imitative sequences' by PAWLBY. Infants between 4 & 10 months found mothers imitate babies more than visa versa.
5 of 15
Imitation: Research example findings
4-6months: facial units of imitation dominant focus; 6+ months: hand movements/sounds accompany facial expressions. 8+ months: imitation with toys eg rattle dominates.
6 of 15
What is intersubjectivity? Theorist?
A sharing of experience between 2 people which is more than a simple interaction. TREVARTHEN. Primary: interactions 'of the moment' & primarily 'interpersonal' events eg imitation. Secondary: extends to include joint action/attention eg objects/toys
7 of 15
Scaffolding: Explain...
Mother creates simplified sequences of action with objects. Repeated many time, baby learns them as potent intersubjective topics & through their involvement becomes possible for them to achieve success themselves.
8 of 15
Scaffolding:Example & theorist
BRUNER: joint action provides essential building block for development of language. Eg book reading action format: "Look", "What's that?", "It's an X", "That's right".
9 of 15
Scaffolding: Expand
Mother only moves to the next step when the child has responded appropriately, If the child initiates (point/vocalise) then mother will begin the cycle at the appropriate point
10 of 15
Scaffolding; Wood et al theory
(1) Modelling: mother shows what can be done (2) Cueing: Indicates to infant what is appropriate (3) Raising the ante: elaboration to achieve more complex goals.
11 of 15
Containing
Average baby spends 1.5-3hrs per day in 'state 5': crying/fretting therefore a major task for mothers is to alleviate their baby's distress as much as it is to engage in pseudo-dialogues etc.
12 of 15
Importance of 'Containing'
The successful handling of such situations can provide the infant with the experience of strong, overpowering emotions being contained & not catostrophic.
13 of 15
Transacting:
Model of developmental process - interactive element as each side influences the other. the baby plays a role in constructing their own social environment; something built by mother & baby.
14 of 15
Transacting (cont):
A simple cause-&-effect model cannot fully describe complex transactional links between behaviour: each person plays a part in determining how the other behaves & hence what happens between them.
15 of 15

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Meshing: What is it? Name theorist

Back

Meshing is how an infant's and adult's behaviour 'fits in' with each other. Cans ee meshing in context of conversation eg turn-taking, mutual action, synchronizing. 'Co-regulation' ~ TREVARTHEN

Card 3

Front

Meshing: Research example

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Imitation: Explain

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Imitation; Research example

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Child Development resources:

See all Child Development resources »