1.8 Prohibition and Crime

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What did the 18th Amendment do and when was it introduced?
It introduced prohibition - the manufacture, sale or transportation of intoxicating liquors and was introduced in January 1919
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Why were the churches and women groups pro prohibition?
They saw saloons as the centre of drink problem, provided a place for men to drink away their problems, gamblin, prostitution and disease
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How many states were dry by 1916?
26 out of 48 states
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How did WW1 affect attitudes towards prohibition?
Support for prohibition grew as it was thought that the grain should be used for something else, as many of the large brewers were German alcohol trade was seen as un-American
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What was the Lever Act and when was it introduced
Introduced in 1917 and it banned the use of grain for manufacture of alcohol
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Who was the 18th Amendment seen as targeting?
The working class and pubs but protecting the middle class wine cellars
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What did the Volstead Act do and when it was introduced?
It defined intoxicating liquor with more than 0.5% alcohol which included spirits, wines and beers, introduced in October 1919
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How many prohibition agents were there to cover the whole country and how much did they earn?
3,000 and they earned £2,500 a year so easily bribed
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How much did the 1st year of the 18th amendment affect the US?
Liquor consumption dropped by 30%, arrests for drunkenness fell, price for illegal alcohol rose higher than the average worker could afford
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What were the 2 forms of criminals that were created during the Prohibition period?
Law avoidance by ordinary people and full scale organised activities of gangs
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What happened on the St Valentines massacre?
Al Capone's gang murdered 6 members of a rival O'Bannion gang and this confirmed for many that crime was a problem brought by immigrants
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How much did Al Capone earn just in 1927, and from what?
$27 million, from bootlegging, prostitution and gambling
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When was the Wickersham commission issued and what did it state?
1929, it favoured prohibition but couldn't be enforced
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When was the 18th Amendment repealed and what was it replaced by?
1933 and was replaced by 21st Amendment
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What did the Beer Act do and when was it introduced?
It was passed in 1929, and allowed the sale of alcohol of 3.2%
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How did the Beer Act help FDR?
He was able to tax newly legal alcohol industries to help pay for the new deal
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why were the churches and women groups pro prohibition?

Back

They saw saloons as the centre of drink problem, provided a place for men to drink away their problems, gamblin, prostitution and disease

Card 3

Front

How many states were dry by 1916?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How did WW1 affect attitudes towards prohibition?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the Lever Act and when was it introduced

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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