110- infant feeding

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How long are you expected to breast feed for?
6 months
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Why do we breast feed?
for additional growth and development and to shape taste preferences
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What does a woman lactate in the first 1-3 days of breast feeding?
Colostrum: Low fat and rich in minerals and vits A, D, B12, protein, immunoglobulins an antibodies
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What does a woman lactate in the first 3-7 days of breast feeding?
Transitional stage - more watery
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What does a woman lactate in the first 7-10 of breast feeding?
Mature milk - high water content
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Health Benefits of breast feeding for baby
Recieves Prebiotics to simulate colon bacteria, Whey protein to feel fuller, Carbs are lactose which enhances Ca absorbtion, Immunity, Required balanced nutrients, less allergies, less constipation
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How much vit D supplement should a lactating woman take?
10 micro grams
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What are the benefits of the long chain FA in breast milk?
Brain eye and nerve development
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Health benefits to mother on breast feeding
Decreases bleeding, risk of anaemia due to Fe conversion, Pre-pregnancy weight losss and decrease in breast cancer
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What % of mother formula feed?
19%
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What % of mothers who use formula feed within the first 8 - 10?
57%
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What % of mothers follow feeding recommendations
70%
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Why do mothers formula feed?
Cant produce milk, discomfort, convenience, reassurance and more sleep (Casin)
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4 Rules around formula feeding promotions
No advertising, free samples, free supplies and no contact with mothers
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When should follow on milk be supplied?
6 months +
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What is the difference between follow on milk and initial milk?
Follow on has more protein, iron, zinc, Ca and Vit D - to prevent deficiencies and rickets
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What % of babies were given follow on milk between 8-10 months?
57%
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When should growing up milk be supplied?
12-13 months
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Who is soya formula milk suitable for?
Lactose intollerant, vegan, cow protein allergy, galactosaemia and those over 12 months
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What is weaning?
The introduction to solid foods alongside milk, gradually.
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What are the signs a baby is ready for weaning?
Can keep head and body upright, coordinate eyes, hands and month to food, tongue thrust for swallowing and demand feeds more often
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When should a baby not recieve soid food?
below 4 months - cant absorb
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Risk of introducing solid food too soon
Increased risk of caelic disease
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Influences of time of weaning
Maternal grandmother, deprived, free samples, high birth weight and ethnicity
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What are the stages of weaning and describe them
1. Initial exposure (6/12 months, puree and smooth, feed when not too hungry) 2. 7-9 months, lumpy, mince and mashed, iron, zinc and vit D 3. 9-12 minced and chopped, limit salt and sugar
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What should the meal plan be for a baby of 1 year?
3 small meals and a snack
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What foods should you limit when weaning?
High sugar and salt, honey, whole nuts, low fat and raw
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why do we breast feed?

Back

for additional growth and development and to shape taste preferences

Card 3

Front

What does a woman lactate in the first 1-3 days of breast feeding?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What does a woman lactate in the first 3-7 days of breast feeding?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What does a woman lactate in the first 7-10 of breast feeding?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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