Workload and control
Marmot et al 1997
- Investigated the job-strain model of workplace stress.
- The workplace creates stress and illness in two ways: high work load and low job control
- Suggested that in the civil service, higher grade employees would experience high workload whereas low-grade civil servants would experience low job controls.
- 7372 answered a questionnaire on workload, job control and amount of social support
- Checked for signs of cardiovascular disease
- Five years later the participants were re-examined.
· No link between high workload and stress-related illness, job role was not significant to stress. However other studies have examined different aspects of ‘demand’ or ‘workload’.
Johansson et al 1978
· Looked at the effects of performing retrospective jobs that require continuous attention and some responsibility = high job demand.
· The sawyers In a Swedish sawmill = a high risk job, repetitive tasks, with huge responsibility.